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Flashcards in Othello Context Deck (26)
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1

What was social structure based on?

The chain of being, if anyone tried to alter their position it led to Devine punishment. If someone lost reason they became animal

2

Nature

2 aspects goodness and evil the same as human nature

3

Appearances

External appearances was an indicator of what lay within

4

Machiavelli

Self interest

5

Hubris

Belief you are better than the gods- divine punishment

6

Truth

Shames the devil. Lying is Imitating the devil

7

Women

Possessions of men

8

Who was the first black actor to play othello and why

Ira Aldridge 1833 because original actor collapsed

9

Paul Robeson

Played othello 3 times bringing new Ora- 3rd time he played a character trying to overcome the struggle of race

10

Willard white

First black actor to play othello in America

11

Who was associated with witchcraft and black magic

Black people

12

What was the original title of the play?

“The tragedy If othello the moor is Venice”

Oxymoron- moor couldn’t be Venetian- conflict of othello

13

Moor

Barbary coast- North African descent or Muslim

14

The Turkish threat

Christianity threatened by Islam the ottoman Turks launched powerful operations against Christians from the 15th century

The Turkish invasion of 1570-71 when othello is set gave ottoman control of Cyprus

Conquered all non European areas

15

The siege of Famagusta 1570-71

The city surrendered to Turks but agreement broken by Turkish commander who tortured and killed Venetian commander despite his surrender. (Mirrors Iago to othello)

16

Who was the religious schism between?

Catholic and Protestant- othello is divided between religion

17

Theme of micro and macro environments

London divides into city of London and Westminster. London run by Protestant puritans

18

Older characters in Shakespeare’s latter tragedies

Older characters descent into madness as in king Lear. Tests to see which daughter he should transfer power too. Also a transfer of power between othello and Iago when he descends into madness

19

Not the usual pattern or structure of order disorder order

Begin in medias res

20

Othello is overthrown literally and metaphorically

Under both monarchs Elizabeth and James there were plots to overthrow them

21

When was othello wrote

1601-1604

22

Which monarch made himself head of church so he could divorce his wife

Henry 8th- creates schism

23

Venice’s political structure

Independent state, senate, strong exports and imports.
Not necessarily less chaotic- produced iago- appearances vs reality

24

What was the difference in the folio edition of the play?

“Base Indian” othello compares himself with is printed as “base ludean” or “judean” could refer to the biblical betrayal of Jesus by Judas iscariot and furthers the analogy between Desdemona and Christ

25

What happed when Laurence Oliver played iago in 1938?

He kissed othello on the lips at the end of Act 3 scene 3

26

What happed in Oliver Parker’s 1995 film with Cassio?

He forgets Biancas name