Flashcards in Other Life Topics Deck (36):
A provision in a policy that states in the event of loss an insured or beneficiary is permitted to collect only the extent of the financial loss and not allowed to gain financially.
A absolute true statement upon which the validity of the insurance policy depends. Breach of warranty can be grounds for voiding the contract. Sets aments made at application aren't considered warranties.
Statements believed to be true to the best of ones knowledge.
Misrepresentations could void the contract
Material misrepresentations a statement if discovered would alter the underwriting decision by insurance co
Intentional misrepresentations are considered fraud
Intentional withholding of information of material fact crucial in decision making. Can void policy
Act of assuming the name or identity of another person for the purpose of committing fraud ie taking the medical for another insured. Illegal!
Only one of the parties of the contract is legally bound to do anything. The insured makes no legally binding promises.
Contract of adhesion is prepared by one of the parties (insurer) and accepted or rejected by the other party. Insurance contracts are offered on a take it or leave basis
Exchange of unequal amounts or values. The premium amount may be small compared to the that will be paid by the insurer.
Conditional contract requires that certain conditions be met by the policy owner and the company in order for the contract to be executed. Ie insured must pay the premium and provide proof of loss in order for the insurer to cover a claim.
Says the effective date of policy will either be the date of application or date of medical exam whichever is occurs last.
Approval conditional receipt
Coverage begins only when per paid application is approved by insurer. No approval during underwriting process.
Unconditional (binding) receipt
Most often with property and casual insurance. Coverage begins immediately for a specific period of time
The risk selection and classification process
Interest adjusted net cost method
Considers the time value of money (or investment return had it been invested elsewhere) by applying an interest adjustment to yearly premiums and dividends
Surrender cost index
Net payment cost index
Comparative interest rate
(CIR) the rate of return that must be earned on a "side fund" in a buy term invest the difference plan so that the value of the side fund will be equal to the surrender value of the higher premium policy at a designated point in time.
Find business continuation
Reimburse a business for a lost revenue or profit following death of a key employee
Provide employee benefits
Buy and sell agreements
Allow surviving partner or partners to purchase the deceased partner's share of the business from the deceased's family.
Life insurance can in part or wholly fund the buy-sell agreement.
Cross purchase plan
Each partner involved buys insurance on every other owner
The business itself is obligated to buy out the ownership of any deceased or disabled partner.
Purpose of the group
Size of the group
Turnover of the group
Financial strength of the group
Types of groups
Credit union for all of its members
Credit life for the life of a debtor usually decreasing term
Mortgage life usually decreasing term
Tax treatment of premiums, proceeds and dividends
Premiums:not tax deductible
Death benefit(proceeds):tax free when taken as a lump sum to a named beneficiary or when taken in installments the principal is tax free the interest is taxable.
Dividends: not taxable
Dividend interest:taxable in the year earned(accumulations)
Tax treatment of cash value
Policy owner is not taxed on the annual increase in cash value.
If policy owner withdraws the cash value or surrenders the policy, the amount that exceeds the premiums paid will be taxed as ordinary income.
Partial surrender : FIFO interest last basis
Tax treatment of policy loans
A loan for the cash value is not taxable.
One cannot receive a tax deduction for interest paid on a policy loan.
Death benefit may be included in taxable estate.
If the insured owns the loan it will be included in the estate for tax purposes. If the policy is given away and the insured dies within three years it will be included in the estate.
Group life premium taxation
Premiums paid by an employer for life insurance as a benefit to an employee is tax deductible.
Business insurance taxation
Key employee insurance
Stock redemption or entity purchase agreement
Split dollar insurance
Not tax deductible
Cash value of a business owned life insurance policy
Accumulates on a tax deferred basis
Policy loans are not taxable to businesses. However unlike individuals, businesses may deduct interest on a policy loan up to 50,000.
Cumulative premiums paid during first 7 years of policy must not exceed the total amount of net level premiums that would be required to pay the policy using guaranteed mortality costs and interest.
Modified endowment contract
Any policy that fails the 7 pay test, becomes a MEC and looses its tax benefits.
MEC taxation rules
Tax deferred accumulations
Any distributions are taxable, withdrawals and policy loans
Distributions are taxed on LIFO basis. Interest first
Distributions before age 59 1/2 are subject to a 10% penalty
Tax qualified retirement plan
Approved by the IRS. Give both employer and employee tax benefits.
IRA tax exemptions
10% penalty is waived but still subject to standard income taxation
Age 59 1/2
Down payment on a home; not to exceed 10k
Post-secondary education expense
Catastrophic medical expenses or death
Tax sheltered annuities
Tax defend annuity 403b plan available to nonprofit orgs under sec 501(c)(3) or public schools
HR-10 make it possible for a self employed person to be covered under IRS qualified retirement plan