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Flashcards in Other respiratory conditions Deck (12)
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1
Q

What is Stridor

A

Stridor is a narrowing and obstruction of the upper airways. It can indicate a life threatening issue.

2
Q

What are some causes of stridor?

A

secondary to an infection, such as epiglottitis, croup or can be from another obstruction.

3
Q

What are the sounds of stridor?

A

Inspiratory wheeze from upper airway obstruction.

Expiratory wheeze from lung/bronchi obstruction.

4
Q

What is epiglottits?

A

Bacterial infection of upper airway.

Rare due to immunisation, but can be an emergency due to likelyhood of airway occulsion.

5
Q

What are some signs of epiglottitis?

A

Difficulty swallowing, drooling, severe sore throat, illness and high fever.

6
Q

What is the epiglottis?

A

The ‘flap’ stopping food from entering the trachea.

7
Q

How do you treat stridor?

A

Netbulised adrenaline for moderator/severe respiratory distress. Repeat every 10 mins if required.
If suspected diagnosis is Croup, treat as per Croup CPG’s.

8
Q

How do you treat Croup?

A
Nebulised adrenaline (moderate/severe).
Prednisone syrup PO (not a priority).
9
Q

What is croup?

A

Viral infection of the upper airway. Also known as “laryngotracheobronchitis”.

10
Q

What are the signs of croup?

A

“barking” cough.
preceeded by illness
stridor

11
Q

What is pneumonia?

A

Acute bacterial or viral infection of the lower airway or lungs. Can involve the alveoli.

12
Q

What are some signs of pneumonia?

A
fever
pain in the chest
decreased breath sounds
tachyponea
crackles/rales