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Flashcards in Other Things Deck (45)
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1

meth-

1 carbon

2

eth-

2 carbons

3

prop-

3 carbons

4

but-

4 carbons

5

pent-

5 carbons

6

hex-

6 carbons

7

form-

1 carbon

8

acet-

2 carbons

9

am(yl)-

5 carbons

10

benz-

6 carbons; hexagon structure

11

phen-

6 carbons; hexagon structure

12

-ane

if the thing the structures (meth-, eth-, etc.) are attached to is H

13

cyclo-

prefix for if molecules are in a ring structure

14

acetylcholine

neurotransmitter that tells muscles to go! (move/contract/whatever)

15

acetylcholine esterase

enzyme that breaks acetylcholine down (makes the muscle stop)

16

Sarin

chemical weapon that mimics acetylcholine, destroys the enzyme that breaks acetylcholine down; muscles get stuck

17

Dopamine!

neurotransmitter

important in addition, schizophrenia, our construction of reality...

released when something good happens; helps construct what's good, what's important, etc

18

Oxytocin

neurotransmitter that does love and bonding and companionship and stuff

19

hormones

synchronize things in your body

20

phermones

synchronize things between ppl

21

MHC

protein in immune system -- female rats are attracted to male rats with different MHC. in straight people, the more similar the MHC, the more likely ppl are to have an affair

22

epinephrine

(like adrenaline, but "adrenaline" is used for hormone, epinephrine used for neurotransmitter)

1. in the brain -- focus
2. in the body -- alarm -- sympathetic nervous system

23

sympathetic nervous system

5 "f"s -- fear, fight, flight, freeze, fuck
norepinephrine
eyes dilate, heart beats faster, lungs open up, digestive systems slow

24

R-OH

alcohol,
-ol
polar

25

R-NH

amine,
-ine
polar

26

R-C=O
___-R

ketone,
-one
subset of carbonyl

polar

27

Carbonyl

Ketone & Aldehyde
C=O plus some other stuff

28

R-C=O
___-H

aldehyde
-al
subset of carbonyl

polar

29

R-C=O
___-OH

carboxylic acid
-ic acid,
-ate

polar

30

R-C=O
___-NH2

Amide
-ide

polar