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Flashcards in P Deck (88):
1

Paean

n. song of joy or triumph; a fervent(熱烈的) expression of joy
讚頌歌

2

Paleontology

n. study of past geological eras through fossil remains
古生物學

3

Paleontologist

n. an expert in the field of paleontology
古生物學者

4

Pallid

adj. lacking color or liveliness
無血色的,蒼白的;暗淡的

5

Panegyric

n. elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise
頌詞;頌文

6

Paragon

n. model of excellence or perfection
典範,模範

7

Partisan

adj. one-sided; committed to a party, group, or cause; prejudiced
黨派性的;偏袒的

8

Pathological

adj. departing from normal condition
(行為或感情)非理智的,無法控制的,病態的
n - pathology

9

Pathos

n. a quality that causes a feeling of pity or sorrow
傷感力

10

Patois

n. a regional dialect; nonstandard speech; jargon
方言,土語;行話

11

Paucity

n. scarcity
不足;缺乏

12

Pedantic

adj. showing off learning
賣弄學問的;過分注重規則和細節的

13

Pedant

n. an uninspired, boring academic
賣弄學問的人;迂腐的學者

14

Pellucid

adj. transparent; translucent(半透明的); easily understood
清澈的,透明的;清晰的

15

Penchant

n. inclination
強烈傾向;嗜好,愛好

16

Penury

n. extreme poverty
拮据;貧窮

17

Peregrination

n. a wandering from place to place
遊歷;旅行

18

Peremptory

adj. imperative(必要的); leaving no choice
斷然的,不容置辯的

19

Perennial

adj. present throughout the years; persistent
終年的,常年的;長期的,常在的

20

Perfidious

adj. faithless; disloyal; untrustworthy
不忠實的,背信棄義的

21

Perfunctory

adj. superficial; not thorough; performed really as a duty
敷衍的,馬虎的;得過且過的

22

Perigee

n. point in an orbit that is closest to the Earth
近地點;最低點

23

Permeable

adj. penetrable
有滲透性的;可穿過的

24

Perturb

v. to disturb greatly; make uneasy or anxious; cause a body to deviate from its regular orbit
使心緒不寧,使不安;擾亂

25

Perturbation

n. disturbance
擾亂;引起不安的事物;煩惱

26

Pervasive

adj. spread throughout every part
普遍的;彌漫的
n - pervasiveness
v - pervade

27

Petulant

adj. rude; peevish(易怒的)
任性的;脾氣暴躁的

28

Phlegmatic

adj. calm in temperament(性格); sluggish
冷靜的,沉着的;遲鈍的

29

Phoenix

n. mythical, immortal bird that lives for 500 years, burns itself to death, and rises from its ashes; anything that is restored after suffering great destruction
鳳凰;起死回生

30

Physiognomy

n. facial features
相貌,容貌

31

Piety

n. devoutness
虔誠

32

Piquant

adj. appealingly stimulating; pleasantly pungent(有刺激性的); attractive
辛辣的,開胃的;有趣的,激動人心的

33

Pique

n. fleeting(轉瞬間的) feeling of hurt pride
(尤指因被人忽視或被人愚弄而)不悅,慍怒
v. to provoke or arouse
激怒;刺激,激起(好奇心等)

34

Placate

v. to lessen another's anger; to pacify
使息怒,使平靜;安撫,撫慰

35

Placid

adj. calm
平靜的;(人或動物)溫和的

36

Plaintive

adj. melancholy(鬱悶的); mournful
悲傷的,憂鬱的,哀愁的

37

Plasticity

n. condition of being able to be shaped or formed; pliability(易適應性)
可塑性;適應性;柔軟性

38

Platitude

n. stale(無新意的), overused expression
老生常談,陳詞濫調

39

Platonic

adj. spiritual; without sensual(肉體上的) desire; theoretical
柏拉圖式的

40

Plethora

n. excess; overabundance
過多

41

Plumb

v. to determine the depth; to examine deeply
探究,探索

42

Plume

v. to congratulate oneself in a self-satisfied way
自誇;自慶

43

Plummet

v. to fall; plunge(急降)
筆直落下

44

Plutocracy

n. society ruled by the wealthy
財閥政治

45

Porous

adj. full of holes; permeable to liquids
多孔的;能滲透的

46

Poseur

n. person who affects(假裝) an attitude or identity to impress others
裝模作樣的人

47

Pragmatic

adj. practical
務實的;講求實際的

48

Pragmatism

n. a practical way of approaching situations or solving problems
實用主義

49

Pragmatist

n. someone who approaches situations in a practical way
實用主義者

50

Prate

v. to talk idly; chatter(喋喋不休)
瞎扯;嘮叨

51

Prattle

n. meaningless, foolish talk

52

Preamble

n. preliminary statement
序文;前言

53

Precarious

adj. uncertain
(局勢﹑情況)不穩定的,不安全的;危險的

54

Precept

n. principle; law
戒律,準則

55

Precipitate

v. to cause to happen; throw down from a height
促成,使陷於;猛然拋下

56

Precipitate

adj. rash(輕率的); hasty; sudden
倉卒的;突如其來的

57

Precipitous

adj. hasty; quickly with too little caution
急躁的,魯莽的

58

Precipitation

n. water droplets or ice particles from atmospheric water vapor that falls to Earth
(雨、雪等的)降下

59

Precursor

n. forerunner; predecessor
(事物的)前身,初期形式

60

Preempt

v. to supersede(取代); appropriate for oneself
以先買權獲得;先佔有;先取得

61

Prehensile

adj. capable of grasping

62

Premonition

n. forewarning; presentiment(預感)
(尤指不祥的)預感,徵兆

63

Presage

v. to foretell; indicate in advance
預言,預示

64

Presumptuous

adj. rude; improperly bold; readiness to presume
放肆的;冒昧的;專橫的

65

Presume

v. to assume or act with impertinent(莽撞無禮的) boldness
冒昧,放肆,擅作主張
n - presumption

66

Preternatural

adj. beyond the normal course of nature; supernatural
超自然的,超乎尋常的

67

Prevaricate

v. to quibble(推託); evade(逃避) the truth
支吾,含糊其辭

68

Primordial

adj. original; existing from the beginning
原始的;最初的;根本的

69

Pristine

adj. untouched; uncorrupted
清新的;潔淨的

70

Probity

n. honesty; high-mindedness
誠實;廉潔

71

Problematic

adj. posing a problem; doubtful; unsettled

72

Prodigal

adj. wasteful; extravagant(浪費的); lavish
浪費的,揮霍的

73

Profound

adj. deep; not superficial
深切的;深奧的

74

Profundity

n. the quality of being profound
(情感)深刻 ;(知識)淵博

75

Prohibitive

adj. so high as to prevent the purchase or use of; preventing; forbidding
(費用、價格等)過高的;禁止的
n - prohibition

76

Proliferate

v. to increase rapidly
激增,擴散
n - proliferation

77

Propensity

n. inclination; tendency
(性格上的)傾向,習性

78

Propitiate

v. to win over; appease
取悅,勸解

79

Propriety

n. correct conduct; fitness
規矩,禮節;得體

80

Proscribe

v. to condemn; forbid; outlaw
褫奪公權;禁止

81

Proscriptive

adj. relating to prohibition
剝奪公權的;禁止的

82

Provident

adj. providing for future needs; frugal(節儉的)
深謀遠慮的;節儉的

83

Puissant

adj. powerful
強有力的;有權力的
n - puissance

84

Punctilious

adj. careful in observing rules of behavior or ceremony
拘謹的,一絲不苟的

85

Pungent

adj. strong or sharp in smell or taste; penetrating; caustic; to the point
(味道﹑氣味)強烈的,刺激性的;(話語﹑文章)辛辣的,尖銳的

86

Purport

v. to profess(自稱); suppose; claim
聲稱,號稱
n. meaning intended or implied
主旨;目的,意圖

87

Pusillanimous

adj. cowardly
膽怯的;懦弱的

88

Pusillanimity

n. cowardice
膽怯;懦弱