P2 Community Rotation Drugs Flashcards Preview

Pharmacy School 2016-17 > P2 Community Rotation Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in P2 Community Rotation Drugs Deck (30):
1

Naproxen

EC Naprosyn, Naprosyn

Max: 1250 mg/day

Advise against concurrent use with other NSAIDs (Aspirin, Ibuprofen) | Increased risk of bleed | Initial dizziness

2

Acyclovir

Zovirax

Herpes, Shingles, Varicella

Does not prevent herpes or other infections | patient should stay adequately hydrated (renal function) | NVD

Buccal tablet applied to upper gum on side of mouth affected | if falls within first 6 hours, place same tablet back in upper gum

3

Alendronate

Fosamax

Osteoporosis

Should be taken upon rising for the day | take 30 minutes before all food, drugs and supplements | do not lie down for 30 minutes after taking dose (should have food first as well)

*do not suck on effervescent tablet
**follow solution with glass of water
***tablet should be taken with full glass of water
(risk of ulceration if dissolved in esophagus)

4

Allopurinol

Zyloprim

Gout

Report signs of skin rash or other allergies | take after meals to avoid gastric irritation | full effects may not be seen for up to 6 weeks | stay hydrated to prevent kidney stones

5

Amiodarone

Trade Names: Cordarone, Pacerone

Arrhythmia prophylaxis

Phototoxicity so use sunscreen/protective clothing | avoid grapefruit | take consistently with regard to meals (due to absorption) | NVD, loss of appetite

6

Amitriptyline

Elavil

Depression

Do not drink alcohol | advise against sudden discontinuation | may take a couple of weeks to see effects | report any suicidal ideation immediately

*should not use MAOI 14 days before starting

7

Amlodipine

Norvasc | CCB

Anti-hypertensive

Avoid activities requiring coordination until effects are understood, dizziness | many drug-drug interactions | peripheral edema

8

Amoxicillin (w/clavulanate)

Augmentin

May decrease overall effectiveness of contraceptives, use an additional form of birth control | NVD, rash

Take at beginning of meal

9

Dextroamphetamine/Amphetamine

Adderall

Avoid activities that require mental alertness until effects are realized | avoid taking in late afternoon/evening | report any heart problems or psychotic problems

10

Aspirin EC

Advise patient to report bleeding | avoid use of OTC NSAIDs

11

Atenolol

Tenormin | Beta-blocker

Acute MI, Hypertension

Best taken on empty stomach | advise against sudden discontinuation | avoid activities requiring mental alertness until effects are realized

12

Baclofen

Lioresal, Gablofen | Analgesic/Antispastic

Avoid activities requiring mental alertness until effects are realized | should not abruptly stop | avoid alcohol use

13

Benazepril

Lotensin | ACE Inhibitor

Cough | Seek medical attention for angiodema | avoid potassium supplements

14

Benzonatate

Tessalon | Anti-tussive

Swallow whole | may cause nausea, headache, dizziness or sedation

15

Benztropine

Cogentin | Anticholinergic

EPS, Parkinson's

May impair heat regulation | avoid activities requiring mental alertness | report sudden muscle weakness or dyskinesia | do not drink alcohol

16

Bisoprolol

Beta-blocker

Take missed dose as soon as possible, if more than 8 hours, skip | may mask hypoglycemia symptoms | bradyarrhythmia, cold extremities

17

Bumetanide

Bumex

Report signs of persistent edema | report hypokalemia or dehdyration | take with food | no alcohol

18

Bupropion

Wellbutrin , Zyban

Depression, Smoking Cessation

Report suicidal ideation or depression | avoid activities requiring mental alertness, maybe insomnia | take same time each day | no alcohol | skip missed dose and take at regular time

19

Buspirone

Buspar

Anxiety

Avoid activities requiring mental alertness | may cause nervousness or excitement | take same time each day | no alcohol, no grapefruit juice | many drug-drug interactions

20

Butalbital/APAP/Caffeine

Fioricet

Tension/Muscular Headache

No more than 4g of APAP in 24 hours | do not suddenly discontinue

21

Carbamazepine

Tegretol | Anticonvulsant

Bipolar, Epilepsy

Report signs of serious skin reactions | report worsening depression or suicidal ideation | avoid activities requiring mental alertness | avoid sudden discontinuation | no grapefruit juice

22

Carbidopa/Levodopa

Sinemet

Wearing off effect may occur at end of dosing interval | dyskinesia, anorexia | body fluids may turn dark red/brown | report intense urges (sex, gambling, etc) | avoid diet in high-protein foods | avoid sudden discontinuation

23

Carisoprodol

Soma

Musculoskeletal Disorders

Avoid rising from sitting/supine position quickly | avoid activities requiring mental alertness | avoid alcohol | if missed dose, take dose unless 1 hour has passed

24

Cefdinir

Omnicef | 3rd Gen Cephalosporin

May cause NVD, vaginal candidiasis | take 2 hours before or after aluminum or magnesium containing vitamins or antacids

25

Cefuroxime

Ceftin | 2nd Gen Cephalosporin

NVD.| take the oral suspension with food

26

Cephalexin

Keflex | 1st Gen Cephalosporin

Abdominal pain | NVD

27

Chlorhexidine Gluconate

Chlorostat | Anti-bacterial

Skin irritation, altered taste, teeth staining, toothaches | DO NOT SWALLOW, avoid contact with eyes and ears | Do not rinse, brush or eat immediately after

28

Ciprofloxacin

Cipro

Report tendon rupture, peripheral neuropathy | photosensitivity | NVD

Avoid taking alone with calcium products

Enhances effects of caffeine

29

Citalopram

Celexa

Depression

Avoid activities requiring alertness, potential insomnia | improvements may not be seen for weeks | report chest pain, palpitations, syncope | risk of serotonin syndrome | advise against sudden discontinuation | avoid alcohol

Use of anticoagulants/NSAIDs/ASPIRIN could increase risk of bleeding

30

Clindamycin

Cleocin | Anti-infective

Diarrhea, report severe diarrhea | take with full glass of water to avoid esophageal irritation