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0

PAD is divided into what 2 categories?

1. Acute
2. Chronic

1

With PAD, The central problem is ________ flow with resulting ______ deficiency.

Impaired flow
Resulting O2 deficiency

2

Acute occlusion may come in what two forms?

1) Embolism

2) thrombosis

3

Traveling distally from a proximal source describes what type of acute occlusion?

Embolism

4

An occlusion at the site describes .....?

A thrombis

5

Embolism is caused by what 2 diseases?

1. Cardiac

2. Arterial

6

Thrombosis can be caused by what four events?

1. Atherosclerosis
2. Trauma
3. Iatrogenic
4. Aneurysm

7

A consequence of medical treatment or complication post surgery is defined as ________.

Iatrogenic

8

What are the 6 P's symptoms of acute arterial disease?

Pain, pallor, Paresthesia
Paralysis, pulselessness, polar

9

Name the 3 test addressing acute arterial disease?

1. Ecg

2. Angiography

3. Arterial duplex and ABI

10

What are some medications given to treat arterial disease?

1. Heparin,Coumadin

2. Bypass surgery

3. Amputation

11

_________ accounts for 95% of arterial disease.

ASO
Arteriosclerosis obliterations

12

What are the 5 stages of Arteriosclerosis obliterations?

1. Asymptomatic disease
2. Claudication
3. Rest pain
4. Ischemic ulceration
5. Gangrene

13

Pain while walking, relieved by rest defines.....

Claudication

14

Symptoms of burning, aching, numbness in foot/feet that can occur anytime describes what stage of ASO?

Rest pain

15

Which is more severe in ischemic ulceration arterial or venous?

Arterial

16

Arterial ulceration is _______ with no sign of _______ and usually starts at the ________.

Severe
Healing
Toes

17

Venous ulceration is usually above the ________ ________ ( gaiter area)

Medial malleolus

18

Name some risk factors for ASO?

Family Hx
HTN
Smoking
Diabetes
Hypercholesterolemia
Age

19

What are some physical findings of ASO?

1) Tropic changes in nails, hair, skin
2) Pallor in elevation
3) Ischemic ulcer
4) gangrene
5) weak pulse

20

What are types of medical treatment for ASO?

Medical therapy ( exercise, diet, stop smoking, lower cholesterol)
Angioplasty
Bypass graft
Amputation

21

What phrase describes a normal doppler signal waveform?
a. Damped and Monophasic

B. Sharp and multiphasic

B. Sharp and multiphasic

22

A damped and Monophasic waveform could suggest....

A abnormal waveform and Proximal stenosis

23

In segmental blood pressures mean pressure is high or lower in the leg arteries?

Mean pressure is lower

24

If leg arteries are stiffer than the aorta, pulsatility, is increased and ______ pressure is also higher.

Peak pressure is higher in the legs

25

Normal ankle/arm index is greater than ______

1.00

26

An ankle/arm index less than _____ suggest arterial stenosis ______.

1.00 and proximally

27

An index of ______ or less suggest severe, multilevel stenosis or occlusion.

Index of .50

28

A high thigh/ arm index is normally about _______

1.20

29

HT/A index less than _____ suggest proximal disease and less than .80 suggest a _______ occlusion.

1.00 and 0.80 suggest proximal occlusion

30

What is the diagnostic criteria for arterial stenosis?

Norm 400