Paediatric radiology Flashcards Preview

Paeds: Child Health > Paediatric radiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Paediatric radiology Deck (11):
1

Round pneumoia

Only in paediatric
Well defineid, area of consolidation (development of interalvelolar communication
Mean age 5

2

CXray in children

Cardiothoracic ratio 60%
Trachea lies to right
Diaphragn hihger
Thymus sail sign

3

RDS / hyaline membrane dz

Surfactant lowers the surface tension of the alveoli, alveoli lose their compliance -> collape -> difficulty ventilating

4

RDS cxray

Diffuse symmetric reticulogranular densities (ground glass)
-prominent central air bronchograms
-generalised hypoventilation

5

RILE

Respirator induced lung injury

6

RDS complications

Barotrauma
PTHX
[finish]

7

PTHX CXR signs?

[finish]

8

Necrotising enterocolitis

Most common GI in prem neonates. Sig morbidy ad mortality.
AXR: dilated loops of bowel
-intramural gas
-portal venous gas (anaerobic bacteria invading bowel, gas producing)
-pneumoperitoneum

9

Cysic fibrosis xray features

[add]

10

Duodenal atresia - xray reatures

Double bubble xray
N.B think of this in Down's syndrome babies

11

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Abdo cotnents in chest
Ass w lung hypoplasia