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Flashcards in Pain definitions Deck (16)
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1

Pain

-unpleasant sensory or emotional experience arising from actual or potential tissue damage or describe in terms of such damage
-unpleasant sense or discomfort

2

Acute pain

adaptive
eudynia
--normal, predicted physiological response to an adverse chemical, thermal or mechanical stimulus associated with surgery, trauma or acute illness
--alerts of noxious substance, fight or flight

3

Chronic pain

maladaptive
maldynia
--pain that persists over long period of time (3 months or longer)
--in contrast to acute pain which is sudden or treatable
--disease that represents pathologic functioning of the nervous system

4

Nociception

--the reception of noxious information
--the reception of painful stimuli from the physical or mechanical injury to the body tissues by nociceptors
(found in either the skin or the viscera)

5

nociceptive pain

--type of pain that occurs when there is tissue damage or injury
--usually sharp, aching, or throbbing
--type of chronic pain

6

Neuropathic pain

--type of pain that occurs with nerve damage
--usually numbness, burning along site of nerve
--type of chronic pain

7

Allodynia

--pain that results from a stimulus that normally doesn't elicit pain
--change in quality of pain

8

Hypoesthesia

--diminished sensitivity to a stimulus
--numbness

9

esthesi

sensation
perception

10

allo

other, different

11

hyperesthesia

--increased sensitivity to a stimulus

12

What is the difference between allodysia and hyperesthesia?

allodysia is an abnormally increased pain response to something that normally isn't painful while hyperesthesia is an increased sensitivity to stimulation

13

Parathesias

--abnormal sensation
--pins or needles
--usually indicates damage or pressure to peripheral nerves

14

Analgesia

--inability to feel pain
--absence of pain in response that is normally painful

15

Hypoalgesia

diminished response to a normal painful stimulus

16

hyperalgesia

increased response to normally painful stimulus