Parenthood Flashcards Preview

Psych > Parenthood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Parenthood Deck (55):
1

Down syndrome

Another name for trisomy 21. 3 x's on the 21st chromosome rather than 2. Characteristics are: distinctive eye lid folds, short stubby limbs, thick tongues and mental retardation

2

Hemophilia

The blood does not clot and is easy for someone to bleed to death. Most commonly found in males and pass a mutant from queen Victoria

3

Schizophrenia

Serious mental illness involving disturbances in logical thinking, emotional expressions and social behaviour

4

Klienfelters syndrome

Makes with extra X chromosome. (Xxy) causes them
To be sterile and develop feminine characteristics at puberty. (Moobs)

5

Rubella

German measles. Can cause sight, hearing or heart problems as well as death to an unborn baby

6

Tay-Sachs

Produces an accumulation of fat in the brain. Killing the victim in early childhood. Most common in French Canadians and Eastern European Jewish folk

7

Phenylketonuria (pku)

Kids cannot metabolize phenylalanine found in food bc they lack the necessary enzyme. Phenylalanine accumulates in the body converting to an acid that attacks the nervous system

8

Sickle cell

More common in African American children. Come from 2 recessive genes. Kids experience swelling of joints, severe fatigue, and die in adolescence. Blood cells are more crescent shape

9

Huntingtons disease

Strikes in middle age. Symptoms include dementia, loss of cognitive abilities as well as personality changes. Will also include a jerky drunk walk, slurred speech. Leads to death

10

Turner syndrome

Females born with extra X chromosome. (XO) are sterile and perform below

11

Part 2

Part 2

12

Phenotype

Actual characteristics of traits of the way a person actually thinks, looks, behaves, and feels

13

Crossing over

Before pairs of chromosomes separate they line up and cross over each other and parts are exchanged

14

Carrier

The name for someone who CARRYS a gene which is usually recessive not always for a disease that they may not get themselves but pass to their kids.

15

Recessive

Weaker, less frequent characteristics. Ex blue eyes red hair

16

Polygenic

When traits are not attributable to a single gene but rather multiple pairs

17

Identical

One fertilized ova dived to form monozygotic twins

18

Genetic counselling

A service offering relevant information to parents suspecting risks for the unborn

19

Fraternal

Two ova released at the same time or close to. Are fertilized to form dizygotic twins

20

Meiosis

A specialized process of cell division producing 23 chromosomes

21

Co- dominance

When to genes influence a trait but neither one is more dominant

22

Concordance rates

The percentage of twins having a similar trait

23

Mitosis

This process by which the zygote becomes multicelled through the cell division process

24

Karyotype

The pattern in which the chromosomes are arranged

25

Selective breeding

Scientists preform experiments purposely to develop certain traits or characteristics

26

Eugenics

An attempt to improve the human race by altering genetic makeup of a population
Hitler's

27

Dominance hierarchy

A perking order in which each group member has a ranking ( kids on a playground)

28

Mutations

A new genes not passed down by parents, apparently appearing out of no where

29

Correlation coefficient

When scientists study how much of an individual trait exists and to what degree

30

Genotype

The genetic makeup of ones inheritance

31

Part c

Part c

32

Amniocentesis

Amniotic fluid is extracted and tested for abnormalities

33

Natural selection

Nature allows or selects those that should survive and reproduce those members of a species who's genes permit them to adapt to their environment

34

Genes

Hereditary units found on a specific location on a chromosome containing specific characteristics in an organism

35

Macro system

A provasive third level the outside of cultural Values, political philosophy's, economic patterns and social conditions

36

Microsystems

The very tiniest. That have people very close, primary support system, evolving people closest to us, whom we are emotionally attached

37

Alpha feta protein test

A blood sample taken from the brain stem, to assess neurotube defects such as spinabifida

38

Heredity

The genetic transmission of traits and personalities from parent to off spring

39

Preconception

The period of time before fertilization

40

Chorion villus test

A small sample of the placenta is extracted and tested

41

Chromosomes

Thread like strands of dna and protein that contain genes and hereditary information

42

Exosystem

The secondary support system including agencies and institutions

43

Human genome

The approximate 1 million genes that comprise a person

44

Autosome

All the chromosomes other than the sex chromosomes

45

Teratogen

Any agent that could cause harm to a developing fetus such as alcohol, drugs, toxins, viruses, etc

46

Genetic engineering

Inserting additional genes to alter an organisms genetic makeup

47

Conception

When fertilization takes place

48

Species heredity

The genetic endowment that members of a particular species have in common includes genes that cover maturation and the aging process

49

Sex chromosomes

The 23rd pair of chromosomes

50

Ultra sound

High frequency sounds waves produce an echo to form a photograph of internal structures

51

Poly nucleotides

The chemical compounds that twist to form the double helix vertical ones. Spirals

52

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

53

Why makes want young woman

To beat his children and pass on his genes

54

Why females want older men

Have resources to support family as well as experience, intelligence and ambition

55

Famous plant breeder scientist

Gregor mandel