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Elizabeth I > Parliament > Flashcards

Flashcards in Parliament Deck (25):
0

Function of parliament

Finance
Legislation ('rubber stamp' J Lingaard)
Point of communication between crown and nation

Called, prorogued and dissolved by monarch

1

No. parliamentary sessions used to grant revenue

11/13

2

No. Acts passed

438: divisions exception

3

Act of Exchange

1559: right to exchange church property in EI possession for temporal property in church possession

Reduced wealth of church, increased wealth of crown

4

Marian bishops deprived

1559: replaced with sympathetic replacements - links to Act of Exchange

5

Subsidy requests

1571, 1576, 1581

Financially favourable timing: no bad harvests until 1485

6

Monopolies

1597-01

First ignored. Conceded to Parliament 1601 promising to cancel and suspend some monopolies and investigate

Always present - 'free patronage' - issue result of socioeconomic unrest

7

Monopolies

1597-01

First ignored. Conceded to Parliament 1601 promising to cancel and suspend some monopolies and investigate

Always present - 'free patronage' - issue result of socioeconomic unrest

8

Monopolies Crisis: historiography

NEALE: clear evidence of organised rebellion against EI misuse of royal prerogative

GRAVES: spontaneous response to common grievance

9

Marriage/ succession

1563, 1566-67

Vetoed subject

Revisionist: pressure from Privvy Council; 1562 smallpox scare, petition drafted by council members, Cecil organised joint delegation

10

Monopolies: historiography

NEALE: Clear evidence of organised rebellion in Commons

GRAVES: “spontaneous response to a common grievance voiced by the governing class through its representatives” rather than any organised resistance or rebellion

11

Prerogative: Marriage/ succession

1563, 1566-67: to fund foreign policy

Revisionist: pressure from Privy Council rather than Parliament – smallpox scare, petition drafted by members of Council, Cecil behind joint delegation to the Queen, 1566

Veto: EI in control

12

Prerogative: Mary, Queen of Scots

1571, 1574-5, 1576-7: acted as a pressure group

1571: Parliament prorogued

NEALE: parliament used to promote own agenda - anti-Catholicism

Revisionist: Opposition from Privy Councillors in the Commons taking lead (Hatton, 1565)

EI refused to bow to pressure and would not commit herself until ‘Stafford Plot’

13

Privilege: Defence of freedom speech, Wentworth 1576

NEALE: leader of puritan opposition; Commons emerging as champion of parliamentary liberties

GRAVES: Wentworth “foolhardy, impetuous and politically inept”; no hero at the time. Merely nuisance

Imprisonment, Tower of London voted by Commons

14

Strickland Bill

1571

Reform of the Book of Common Prayer

Removed from Commons

15

Field’s Admonition to Parliament

1572

NEALE: orchestrated campaign to purify the Church

Revisionist: Anti-Catholic pressure from Council which feared for EI safety following Ridolfi Plot

16

Turner

1584

Suggested changes to Prayer Book and a Calvinist style church government

Parliament itself refused to hear Turner’s bill

Jailed

17

Cope’s Bill and Book

1586: assassination of William of Orange, Babington Plot7

Campaign to replace the Anglican prayer book and organisation with Calvinist ones

NEALE: well-organised group hijacked session

GRAVES: led by mere handful of men who “lacked general parliamentary sympathy or support, and were easily smothered by government action”

18

Treason Act

1571

19

Act ‘Against missionary priests, Jesuits and other such disobedient persons’

1585

20

Act Against Seditious Sectaries

1593

21

‘Men of Business’

Control and influence of commons by Cecil after 1671 (peerage) e.g. Thomas Norton

22

Time parliament called for

39 months / 45 years

23

Golden Speech

1601

24

‘for Elizabeth, Parliamentarians were little boys – sometimes unruly, usually a nuisance, and always a waste of an intelligent woman’s time’

Christopher Haigh