Flashcards in Parliamentary Law Making Deck (41)
What is a green paper?
Consultative document that sets out ideas for legislation
What is a white paper?
Final/ firm proposals
(Eg; court & legal services act 1989 preceded 3 green papers and 1 white paper)
What is a public bill?
A bill that affects a large majority of the population
What is a government bill?
Bills that are introduced by government
Give an example of a government bill
Access to justice act 1999
Is a government bill public or private?
What is a private members bill?
Bills introduced by backbench MP’s whose names have been selected by ballot.
Give an example of a private members bill
Abortion act 1967 by David Steele
Marriage act 1994
Murder act 1965 (death penalty removed)
Is a private members bill public or private?
What is a private bill?
Only effect specific bodies of people
Which type of bill is the abortion act 1967?
Private members bill
Give an example of a private bill
Medway Council act 2004
What is a hybrid bill?
A cross between a public bill and a private bill, effect the legal rights of a small number of people
Give an example of a hybrid bill
The channel tunnel act 1987
Cross rail act 2008
Which type of bill is the channel tunnel act 1987?
Which type of bill is the cross rail act 2008?
What happens in the first reading of a bill?
Title of the bill is dead out to the house
Where do finance bills begin?
House of Commons
What happens in the second reading?
House holds a debate on the main principles of the bill, a vote is taken to see whether bill should procede further.
What happens in the committee stage?
Detailed examination of each clause, amendments posed.
What happens in the report stage?
Committee reports back to the house from any amendments that have been made, these are debated and voted on.
What happens in the third reading?
Bill presented to house and a final vote is taken?
What is ping pong?
Bill being passed to and from the House of Lords and the hour of commons after amendments have been made.
What is the order of the stages that take place when a bill first goes to either the House of Lords or the House of Commons?
Once a bill has successfully been through the stages in both houses, what happens?
What is royal assent?
Formal consent of the monarch
When was the last time a monarch refused a bill?
Queen Anne 1707
Give an advantage of the parliamentary process
Takes note of public opinion
Thorough and detailed
Give a disadvantage of the parliamentary process
House of Lords (not elected) able to delay
Can take a long time