Flashcards in Parliamentary Law Making Deck (41)
What is a green paper?
Consultative document on a topic in which the government view is put forward with proposals with law reform.
What is a white paper?
A consultative document with more firm proposals for law reform.
Where are most of the acts of parliament made from?
What is a bill?
When the proposed law has been drafted and is published.
What are government bills?
Where a bill is put forward by the government.
What are private members bills?
Individual (private) MPs or peers to introduce a bill. They are not government ministers and are known as backbenchers.
What are the two ways a backbencher can introduce a bill?
1. There is a ballot each parliamentary session in which20 MPs are selected who can take turn in presenting the bill.
2. Under a ten minute speech made by any MP supporting the introduction of the bill.
Give an example of a private members bill
WASTE RECYCLING ACT 2003
What are public bills?
Most bills are introduced into parliament involve matters of public policy which will affect the general public.
Give an example of a public bill
DIGITAL ECONOMY ACT 2017
What is private bill?
A bill that will affect only a specific individual or organisation like local authorities or private companies.
Give an example of a private bill?
LEEDS CITY COUNCIL ACT 2003
What is a hybrid bill?
They mix the characteristics of public and private bill. They are very rare.
How can a bill become a statute?
Pass through both houses common and lords
What is the first reading?
Where the name and main aims are introduced. No vote
What is the second reading?
The main debate on the principles of the bill followed by a vote.
What is the committee stage?
Involves a committee of 16 and 50 MPs who examine the details of the bill clause by clause and suggest any amendments.
What is the report stage?
Where the public bill committee report back any amendments. These will be debated which either accept or reject after a vote.
What is the third reading?
The final debate on the bill and a final vote.
What happens if the lords make amendments to the bill?
The commons will have to approve of it or they will be rejected.
What is stated in PARLIAMENT ACT 1911 and 1949?
The lords can only delay a bill from becoming law. This is because the lords is not an elected body.
What happens if the lords reject the bill?
Reintroduced into the House of Commons unaltered, the lords can bypass the bill onto royal assent.
Give an example of the delaying power being used by the lords
HUNTING ACT 2004
What is the final stage?
What is royal assent?
Where the monarch gives approval to the bill and it becomes an act of parliament.
What are the influences on parliamentary law making?
Strong public opinion
What are the advantages of being influenced by the political parties?
Each party has its proposals for reform so when elected they can put in into force. Also the fact that it’s the majority so they’ll easily vote for the bill.
Give an example of political influence
EUROPEAN REFERENDUM ACT 2015
A disadvantage of political influence?
If a different party if elected they might want to change or amend the law. This is costly and open to criticism.