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Flashcards in Part 2 - Renaissance Deck (9)
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When was the printing press created and what did it allow people to do?

1451, allowed people to read ancient texts and about new discoveries


5 impacts of the renaissance and how they impacted?

- New lands explored due to more accurate maps and discovering new things from new world
- Printing press allowed ideas to spread easily
- Art - realistic human drawings helped understand how body worked
- New inventions like gunpowder = new ways to treat wounds
- New learning - scientific methods of learning - observation, hypothesis and experimentation


What did Vesalius do? 3

- Popular lectures and encouraged human body dissection as way to learn more
- Discovered Galen's mistakes as he dissected animals and linked to human anatomy but criticised
- Researched bloodletting


What did Vesalius produce?

Illustrate anatomy books in The Fabric of the Human Body 1543, precise human body drawings - skeleton, nerves, veins, digestion, reproduction


3 impacts of Vesalius in England?

- Printer called Genius copied all V's illustrations by 1545 in 'Compendiosa' and sold for barber-surgeons in London, very popular, inspiring an influential
- Used 'Renaissance' approach to overturn beliefs in Galen's anatomy
- Basis for others to learn, showed other how to direct and discover more about human body


What did Pare do? 4

- Wrote book about new ways to treat wounds 1545, when treating soldiers with cream on gunshot wound and healed quickly
- Promoted use of ligatures in amputations instead of cauterising, designed 'Bec de Corbin' to stop bleeding
- Designed false limbs for amputees
- Produced 'Anatomy Universelle' 1561 and 'Works on Surgery' 1575


2 impacts of Pare in England?

- 'Work on Surgery' read by many English surgeons
- Many 16th century Eng surgeons started using Pare's Renaissance approach


What did Harvey do? 3

- 1616, commented on blood moving in constant circle, against Galen's ideas
- Studied human hearts - experimented by pumping liquid wrong way through values in veins - proved blood could only circulate one way
- Published 'De Motu Cordis' 1628, findings about ideas about blood circulation


4 reactions to Harvey?

- Some ignored or rejected his ideas as against Galen's
- Within lifetime, many accepted theories
- Theories needed to be built on, further scientific study
- Without understanding blood circulation, many modern medical treatments wouldn't work