Principal in the first degree
In Florida, a person who commits a criminal offense or who aids, abets, hires, counsels, or otherwise procures a criminal offense to be committed, is referred to as a “principal in the first degree.” A principal in the first degree need not be actually or constructively present at the commission of the offense.
Accessory before the fact
Florida law does not distinguish between a principal and an accessory before the fact. Donaldson v. State, 722 So. 2d 177, 184 (Fla. 1998). Both are treated as principals in the first degree, since a constructive or physical presence is immaterial.
Accessory after the fact
A person, who is not a spouse, parent, grandparent, sibling, child, grandchild, or close relative, who assists the principal knowing that the principal committed a third-degree felony or had been an accessory before the fact to a third-degree felony, with the intent that the offender avoid or escape detection, arrest, trial, or punishment, is an accessory after the fact.