Flashcards in Parts Of Speech ( language arts, writing) Deck (15):
Parts of speech
A part of speech is a group of words that are used in a certain way. For example, "run," "jump," and "be" are all used to describe actions/states. Therefore they belong to the VERBS group.
In other words, all words in the English language are divided into eight different categories. Each category has a different role/function in the sentence.
The English parts of speech are:
Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections.
A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, quality, animal, idea or activity.
Person — Maria
Place — West Virginia
Thing — Desk
Quality — Width
Animal — Dog
Idea — Independence
Activity — Navigation
Example sentence: People like to go to the beach.
Emma passed the test.
My parents are traveling to Japan next
An abstract noun is a word that names something that you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste. using these five senses.
It is the opposite of a concrete noun.
Hint: Remember, pronouns are not nouns
Concrete nouns name people, places, or things that you can touch, see, hear, smell, or taste.
Person Place Thing
man river dog
Mrs. Jones Paris book
doctor mountains sports car
Maddie home Ferrari
A collective noun names a group of people, thing or animals.
A singular noun names one person, place, or thing.
A plural noun names more than one person, place, or things.
Common and Proper
Common nouns name any person, place, thing, or idea. They are not capitalized unless they come at the beginning of a sentence.
Proper nouns are the names of specific people, places, things, or ideas. Proper nouns should always be capitalized.
river Mississippi River
doctor Doctor Jefferson
candy bar Baby Ruth
Hint: Don't forget to capitalize all parts of proper nouns. Many people forget to capitalize words like river and country in proper nouns like Yellow River and Orange Country.
Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns.
sometimes, we de not want to use a noun. so we us pronoun.
Example: Mark is in the kitchen. He is cooking.
Personal subject pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, they
Mark does not like me.
Personal object pronouns: me, you, him, her, it, us, them
Is that David's car?
No, it is mine.
Possessive pronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs
Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns.
1) The quality or type
Mark is driving a black car.
2) The size
Mark is driving a big car.
3) The number
Mark has several cars.
It is his car.
Possessive adjectives: my, your, his, her, its, our, their
Verbs are words that show an action:
Main verb - Mark drives a bus.
Auxiliary verb - Jane is drinking a cup of coffee.
We played football.
Verbs can also show a state: Mark is tired.
Jane was angry.
I feel ill.
Verbs have different tenses which indicate:
time ( past, present or future )
aspect ( completed or continous )
Adverbs are words that describe or modify verbs:
Mark is running quickly. ( adverb of manner )
Jane never drinks coffee. ( adverb of frequency )
We will go there tomorrow. ( adverb of place )
Adverbs can also describe or modify other adverbs:
Mark is running quickly. > Mark is running very quickly.
Adverbs can also describe or modify adjectives:
Mark is tired. > Mark is very tired.
The car is expensive. > The car is too expensive.
Conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses together.
Common examples: and, or, because, so, but, while, for.
I like cats and dogs.
The telephone rang while I was cooking dinner.
I am hungry but I don't have any food.
Prepositions connect noun phrases to another part of the sentence.
Preposition means "place before " It is usually before the noun phrase.
1) To describe place: Mark is in the kitchen.
The lamp is on the table.
2) To describe time: I am going to London for a week.
Please don't talk during the lesson.
3) T describe method: I will send you the offer by email.
He gave me an answer in writing