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Flashcards in Parts of the brain Deck (20)
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1

What does the parietal lobe do?

body sensations

2

What does the occipital lobe do?

vision

3

What does the temporal lobe do?

hearing, advanced visual processing

4

What does the frontal lobe do?

planning of movements, recent memory, some aspects of emotions

5

What does the post central gyrus do?

primary somatosensory cortex

6

What does the pre central gyrus do?

primary motor cortex

7

What is the medulla?

an extension of the spinal cord into the skull - retains autonomic nervous system (heart rate, breathing)
relays sensory to and motor info from brain to spain

8

What are the pons?

large bulge in brain stem
pons = bridge. relays info from the cerebral cortex to the cerebellum
sleep & arousal

9

What is the cerebellum involved in?

"little brain"
contains 2 hemispheres
used for control of fine detailed motor movement & control. Constitutes only 10% of brain mass but has 50% of brain cells.

10

What does the cerebrum do?

contains the cerebral cortex
contains hippocampus, basal ganglia, olfactory bulb etc.
with assistance of the cerebellum, controls are voluntary actions of the body

11

What is the limbic system?

located on both sides of the thalamus, under the cerebrum
supports a variety of functions including emotion, behaviour, motivation, long-term memory & olfaction
emotional life

12

what is in and what does it do - basal ganglia

thalamus, caudate nucleus, putamen
control of voluntary movements, habits, procedural learning

13

What is the dorsal surface in the midbrain called

tectum

14

What is the periqueductal grey in the midbrain involved in

defence mechanisms

15

Discuss midbrain

midbrain = superior colliculus receives direct info from eye, inferior colliculus from ear > allows quick responses from stimuli & relays info to thalamus

16

What is thalamus

known as sensory and motor relay area

17

What is hypothalamus

involved in survival mechanisms

18

What is pituitary gland

release hormones into bloodstream following instruction from hypothalamus

19

What is hippocampus

looped, looks like seahorse - involved in memory
works opposite amygdala to stop release of stress

20

what are the caudate nucleus, putamen and globus pallidus known as

striatum