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Flashcards in Patient Care Deck (217)
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1

The best means of preventing the spread of microorganisms continues to be?

Hand washing

2

Entry of pathogenic microorganisms into a new host can be by?

Ingestion / Inhalation / injection

3

What type of medication promotes the excretion of urine?

Diuretic (Lasix)

4

Directions given by a person while in a healthy state concerning wishes at time of death are called?

Advance Directive

5

What is the term used for cases of medical negligence and switches the burden of proof from the patient to the imaging professional?
It translates to the thing speaks for itself.

Res ipsa loquitor

6

The destruction of microbes by steam under pressure or other means, includes both chemical or physical means?

Sterilization

7

What type of medication causes constriction of the blood vessels?

Vasoconstrictor

8

What type of medication causes dilatation of the blood vessels?

Vasodilator

9

What is urticaria?

Hives

10

This method of transmission occurs when droplets contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms are placed in the air from a person infected with a droplet-borne infection.

Droplet transmission

11

What are the elements needed to transmit an infection?

-Infectious agent
-Reservoir or environment in which the microbe can live & multiply
-Portal to exit the reservoir
-Means of transmission
-Portal of entry into a new host

12

When a susceptible person actually touches an infected person’s body surface in an area where infectious microbes are present.

Direct contact

13

The transfer of pathogenic microbes by touching objects that have been contaminated by an infected person.

Indirect contact

14

What is a PE?

Pulmonary embolism: Occlusion of a pulmonary artery by a thrombus.

15

What is the term for a patient’s claim that he/she has been wronged or has suffered some injury, other than a breach of contract, for which he/she believes cause exist for an action for damages?

Tort

16

Where is a chest tube inserted?

Dependent upon air or fluid to be removed, but placed in the pleural cavity.

17

What is the chest tube attached to?

Water-sealed drainage unit

18

Contact with infectious secretions that come from the eyes, nose or mouth of a host or disease carrier as the person coughs, sneezes, or talks?

Droplet transmission

19

What is orthostatic hypotension?

A decrease in diastolic pressure caused by sudden movement from a recumbent to an upright position.

20

Droplets can travel for how many feet?

3 feet

21

The CDC established a two-tier system for patients with particular diagnoses. The first tier is to be used at all times when any healthcare professional is caring for a patient. What is that called?

Standard precautions

22

What is the length of time for a surgical scrub?

3-5 minutes

23

Which side of the patient is usually the best side to move a patient onto (strong/weak side)?

Strong side

24

How far should one stand from a sterile table?

3 feet

25

What is the term for spoken defamation?

Slander

26

What is diabetic ketoacidosis?

Insufficient insulin causes liver to produce more glucose, kidneys then excrete glucose with water & electrolytes leading to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.

27

Insect or animal carriers of disease are called?

Vectors

28

What is a pulse oximeter?

It measures the amount of oxygen saturation.

29

Which stage of an infection does the microorganism reproduce and the infection begins?

Prodromal stage

30

Infection is transmitted by what type of routes?

-Direct or indirect contact
-Droplet
-Vehicle
-Vector
-Airborne