PBL 8 Flashcards Preview

MBChB Glasgow Year 1 Phase 1 > PBL 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in PBL 8 Deck (31):
1

How are the sections of the eat well plate divided?

Fruit & veg and Carbs/starchy foods take up two tirds and the final third is made up of protein, dairy and a very small amount of fat

2

Who does the eat well guide apply to?

Most people but those with dietary requirements should check with a medical professional about how they can adapt the guide

3

How does the guide apply to children?

Doesn't apply to children below the age of 2, between 2 and 5 children should start to eat the same as their families

4

Should infants have fat in their diet?

None

5

What nutrients may you be deficient in if you don't eat enough protein?

B vitamins,Vitamin E, iron, zinc and magnesium

6

What may happen if you are deficient in vitamin B12?

It affects the bodies ability to make red blood cells so can result in tiredness/weakness as the body has an impacted ability to transport oxygen

7

What may happen if you are deficient in Vitamin E?

Uncommon but can cause nerve and muscle damage that results in loss of feeling in limbs, loss of body movement control, weakness and vision problems. can also cause a weakened immune system

8

What may happen if you are deficient in iron?

Anaemia symptoms include general fatugue and weakness, pale skin, shortness of breath and diziness

9

What may happen if you are deficient in zinc?

Affects many different body systems so there is no distince set of symptoms. common symptoms include poor sense of smell and taste, poor wound healing, hair loss and deformed nails

10

What may happen if you are deficient in magnesium?

Can result in tremors, poor coordination, muscle spasms and appetite loss

11

What nutrients may you be deficient in if you don't eat enough starchy foods?

Fiber, Calcium, iron and b vitamins

12

What may happen if you are deficient in fiber?

Increased risk of weight gain and heart disease. Symptoms include constipation, nausea, tiredness and in diabetics, blood sugar fluctuations

13

What may happen if you are deficient in calcium?

If not enough calcium is obtained through the diet the body starts taking it from the bones. This can lead to osteoparosis. Symptoms of calcium deficiency include muscle cramps, aches and spasms.

14

What nutrients may you be deficient in if you don't eat enough dairy?

Vitamin A, Riboflavin, Niacin and calcium

15

What may happen if you are deficient in Vitamin A?

Impairs immunity and hematopoiesis and can cause rashes and vision issues like xerophthalmia

16

What is xerophthalmia?

Issues seeing in low light. Can lead to blindness if left untreated.

17

What may happen if you are deficient in riboflavin?

Essential for metabolic energy production. Long term deficiency causes anaemia. Symptoms include spre throat, lesions and conjunctivitis

18

What may happen if you are deficient in niacin?

Sever deficiency is known as pellagra. symptoms include rash when exposed to sunlight, swollen mouth, bright red tongue, and v&d

19

What nutrients may you be deficient in if you don't eat enough fruit and veg?

potassium, vitamin C, folic acid and many more

20

What may happen if you are deficient in potassium?

Hypokalemia can make muscles feel weak,cramp,twitch or even become paralysed.

21

What may happen if you are deficient in vitamin C?

Can result in scurvy. Common symptoms include fatigue, depression and connective tissue defects

22

What may happen if you are deficient in folic acid?

can lead to anaemia

23

What are the key symptoms of bulimia nervosa?

- recurrent episodes of overeating (eg once a week or more for at least a month) accompanied by compensatory behaviours
- The individual is obsessed with their body image
- they may have severe tooth decay, weakened muscles and in the long term, potential heart problems

24

How is Bulimia managed in adults?

- bullimia focused guided self help
- if this is unacceptable, CBT-ED
- should be up to 20 sessions over 20 weeks focusing on normal eating behaviours

25

How is bulimia managed in children?

-Bulimia nervosa focused family therapy (FT-BN)
- should be 18-20 sessions over 6 months
- if this is unacceptable consider CBT-ED

26

What is CBT?

Cognitive behavioural therapy.
It aims to change the moods/feelings towards a certain situation or trigger

27

What are the key symptoms of binge eating disorder?

Frequent episodes of binge eating (eg once a week or more) without compensatory behaviours

28

How is binge eating charecterised?

-eating more quickly than normal
-eating until uncomforatbly full
-eating a lot when not hungry
eating alone out of embarassment
-feeling bad/guilty after eating

29

How is binge eating disorder managed?

-Binge eating disorder focused self help
-CBT self help
Adherance is especially important
-if self help is unsuccesful offer group CBT-ED

30

What are the key symptoms of Anorexia nervosa?

A significantly low BMI
Low weight with persistan pattern of behaviors to prevent weight gain
Central to the patients negative perception of themself

31

How is anorexia managed in adults?

CBT-Ed should consist of up to 40 sessions over 40 weeks
should aim to reduce risk to the patients health
trying to establish healthy eating