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Flashcards in p.e ch 1-3 Deck (22):
1

Show the Australian PA and SB guidelines for children 0-5yrs

Frequency- Everyday
Intensity- Any movement
Time- 3hrs a day
Type- any
Sedentary- 0-2 yrs none, 2-5yrs 1 hr a day

2

Show the Australian PA and SB guidelines for youth 13-17 years

Frequency- Everyday
Intensity- mod-vig
Time- 60 mins + (more is beneficial)
Type- muscle strengthening at least 3 days a week
Sedentary- no more than 2 hrs a day, break up long periods of sitting

3

Show the Australian PA and SB guidelines for adult 18-64 years

Frequency- most days, preferably all
Intensity/Time- 150-300 mins moderate or 75-150 mins of vigorous activity each week
Type- muscle strengthening at least 2 days a week
Sedentary- minimise sedentary behaviour as much as possible, break up long periods of sitting.

4

Give in order the mets of an activity which is low, moderate and high in intensity.

0-3
4-7
7+

5

what is the met value for a walking your dog

3 mets

6

what is the met value for a basketball game

8 mets

7

What is used to measure intensity

Metabolic equivalent (MET)

8

What information do subjective tools provide?

Qualitative analysis and recall of behaviours.

9

What information do objective tools provide?

Quantitative analysis, gives figures and stats

10

What are the advantages and disadvantages of diaries and logs.

Advantages
- easily administered
- Cost effective
- range of dimensions
- little time required for participant

Disadvantages
- Reactivity
- Long time to analyse
- cognitive issues

11

Define reactivity

The person changes their actual PA levels because they are asked to record it.
eg. ( normally chatty person in class but when camera in room they behave)

12

What type of measure is a recall survey?

Subjective measurement

13

What type of measure is direct observation?

objective measurement

14

what are the levels of the socio-ecological model

Individual influences
social environment
physical environment
policy

15

Describe a possible method to overcome feelings of low self efficacy.

goal setting:
small achievable goals will give the individual more confidence each time they complete a taks and this will encourage them to continue PA. With this they will improve their skills at whatever hobby they are participating in.

-can also: work with friends and looks for family encouragement

16

What are some strategies of increasing PA at the individual level?

-education programs
-focus on individuals current knowledge and/or skills (eg. may be interested in basketball)
-increase frequency and duration of exercise
-Barriers like socio - economic status my have to be overcome.

17

What are some factors included in the social environmental level?

• Family, peers, partner, teachers
• Schools, workplace, community organisations
• Community norms
• Cultural backgrounds
• SES of community

18

What are some strategies of increasing PA at the social environmental level?

- team sports (futsal team)
- mothers group, walk and talk
- going to the gym with your mate
- community athletics carnival

19

What are some factors included in the physical environmental level?

• Weather
• Availability & access to facilities
• Aesthetics or perceived qualities of facility
• Safety
• Community design & land use
• Public transport

20

What are some strategies of increasing PA at the physical environmental level?

-New resources/facilities near housing estates
- slowing traffic around schools
- new bike racks
- showers and places to change and store equipment
*all these strategies are depending on which PA

21

Name some examples of policy, affecting PA

• Compulsory PE & sport until Yr 10
• NPAG’s
• Setting gym times for certain groups
• Minimum standards for workplace health & fitness

22

When is the SEM most effective?

When all of the levels are included in the promotion of PA