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Flashcards in pediatric assessment Deck (24):
1

palmar grasp reflex

newborn-5-6 months
-object placed in palm fingers will tighten around it

2

babinski reflex

newborn through adulthood
-babies until 24 months-toes fan out (normal)
-adults-downward response (normal)

3

moro reflex

newborn until 4-5 months
-sudden loss of support
-arms flail with crying

4

parachute reflex

newborn until 3-4 months
when falling forward will place hands out to break fall

5

tonic neck reflex

arm and leg bent on same side
newborn- 6 mo

6

stepping reflex

newborn-2 months
baby will attempt to walk when placing hand at bottom of feet

7

suck reflex

newborn-4 months
stimulate roof of month baby will latch and suck

8

rooting reflex

newborn-4 months
touch baby's cheek and head turned with mouth opened

9

tanner scale

scale based on sexual characteristics (breast, genitalia, etc)
-scale can be used to determine treatment regimen

10

tanner scale phases
male genitals

I: 14 ya, test vol.>20 ml, penis length 15 cm

11

tanner scale
female breasts

I: 15 ya, full size breasts, areola returns to contour of breast with projecting central papilla

12

tanner scale
pubic hair

I: 15, hair extends to medial surface

13

ages for developmental stages

newborn: infant-12 months
toddler: 12-36 months
preschool: 3-5 ya
school age: 5-12
adolescent: 12-18
young adult: 18-30
adult: 30+

14

parachute reflex

newborn until 3-4 months
when falling forward will place hands out to break fall

15

tonic neck reflex

arm and leg bent on same side
newborn- 6 mo

16

2 month denver scale

gross: lift head, head up 45
language: vocalize
fine motor: follow past midline
personal/social: smile spontaneously

17

4 month denver scale

gross: sit head steady, roll over, pull to sit without head lag
language: turn to sound/voice
fine: follow 180
personal/social: regard own hand

18

6 month denver scale

gross: sit no support
language: single syllables, imitate sounds
fine: reaches, rake raisin, pass cube
personal: work for toy, feed self

19

9 month denver scale

gross: stand while holding on, pull to stand, get to sitting
language: dada/mama specific, jabbers, combines syllables
fine: thumb finger grasp, bangs 2cubes together
personal: wave bye, indicates wants, plays patty cake

20

12 months denver scale

gross: stand alone, stoop and recover, walk
language: 1-2 words
fine: put block in cup
personal: drink from cup, play ball, imitate activities

21

18 months denver scale

gross: walk up steps, run, kick ball
language: 6+ words, combine words, point 2 pictures
fine: scribble, tower of 4 cubes
personal: use spoon or fork, feed doll, help in house, remove clothes

22

24 months denver scale

gross: jump, throw ball overhand
language: speech half understandable, name 6 body parts
fine: tower 6 cubes
personal: put on clothes, brush teeth with help, wash and dry hands

23

3 years denver scale

gross: broad jump, balance each foot 1 second
language: speech understandable, know 2 adjectives, know 1 color, 2 actions, use of 2 objects
fine: imitate vertical line, tower of 8 cubes, thumb wiggle
personal: play board game, get dressed without help, brush teeth no help

24

4 years denver scale

gross: balance 1 foot 4-5 seconds, hop
language:define 4 words, name 4 colors, know 3 adjectives
fine: pick longer line, draw person, copy circle
personal: same as 3