Flashcards in Pediatric Infectious Disease Deck (13):
What are the top 3 infectious diseases in 2014? What is most concerning?
1. TB (most concerning is MDRTB)
2. Pertussis (ro=17)
What is Ro?
# of people that an infected person will spread the infection to
HOw is varicella transmitted?
aerosolized, like small pox
easy to catch, high Ro
What's the deal with measles?
incubation 7-14 days
Symptoms: high fever, cough, runny nose, conjunctivits, KOPLIK spots
What are possible complications that can arise from measles? Countermeasures?
Complications-->pneumonia, encephalitis, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, death
A previously healthy 5-month-old male infant was admitted to a Massachusetts hospital in November 1983 with progressive lethargy and loss of developmental milestones over 3 weeks, constipation for 12 days, and poor suck and feeding. He had been breast-fed, and bottled foods were added at the age of 3 months. On examination, the child was generally hypotonic with flaccid extremities, no head control, and no suck or Moro reflexes. He was alert, able to smile, and had no oculomotor weakness.
What does this child have?
shouldn't give baby honey until they are 12 mo
What is the incubation period of infant botulism? Symptoms? Possible complications?
incubation period 3-30 days
Sx: constipation, flat facial expression, weak suck/cry, decreased movement, breathing difficulties
Complications: resp failure/death
What are the countermeasures for infant botulism?
no honey for infants!
What is the pathogen that causes erysipelas? Transmission? Sx?
transmission: bacterial translocation into skin
Sx: sometimes preceding pharyngitis, trauma, pruritis, burning, tenderness, swelling, tracking red erythema
What are the complications of erysipelas? Countermeasures?
Complications: abscess, thrombophlebitis
toxic shock syndrome
Countermeasures: hospitalization, IV antibiotic therapy, outpatient antibiotic, supportive care
Why is it so important to treat Group A strep pharyngitis?
acute rheumatic fever
What do you need to worry about with cat bites?