Pediatric Infectious Disease Flashcards Preview

Block 11; Week 1 > Pediatric Infectious Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pediatric Infectious Disease Deck (13):
1

What are the top 3 infectious diseases in 2014? What is most concerning?

1. TB (most concerning is MDRTB)
2. Pertussis (ro=17)
3. Syphilis

2

What is Ro?

# of people that an infected person will spread the infection to

3

HOw is varicella transmitted?

aerosolized, like small pox
easy to catch, high Ro

4

What's the deal with measles?

aerosolized transmission
Ro=18
incubation 7-14 days
Symptoms: high fever, cough, runny nose, conjunctivits, KOPLIK spots

5

What are possible complications that can arise from measles? Countermeasures?

Complications-->pneumonia, encephalitis, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, death
Countermeasures-->vaccination, Ig

6

A previously healthy 5-month-old male infant was admitted to a Massachusetts hospital in November 1983 with progressive lethargy and loss of developmental milestones over 3 weeks, constipation for 12 days, and poor suck and feeding. He had been breast-fed, and bottled foods were added at the age of 3 months. On examination, the child was generally hypotonic with flaccid extremities, no head control, and no suck or Moro reflexes. He was alert, able to smile, and had no oculomotor weakness.
What does this child have?

food-borne botulism
shouldn't give baby honey until they are 12 mo

7

What is the incubation period of infant botulism? Symptoms? Possible complications?

incubation period 3-30 days
Sx: constipation, flat facial expression, weak suck/cry, decreased movement, breathing difficulties
Complications: resp failure/death

8

What are the countermeasures for infant botulism?

no honey for infants!
breastfeeding
supportive care
BIGIV

9

What is the pathogen that causes erysipelas? Transmission? Sx?

strep pyogenes
transmission: bacterial translocation into skin
Sx: sometimes preceding pharyngitis, trauma, pruritis, burning, tenderness, swelling, tracking red erythema

10

What are the complications of erysipelas? Countermeasures?

Complications: abscess, thrombophlebitis
toxic shock syndrome
Countermeasures: hospitalization, IV antibiotic therapy, outpatient antibiotic, supportive care

11

Why is it so important to treat Group A strep pharyngitis?

acute rheumatic fever

12

What do you need to worry about with cat bites?

pasteurella
rabies

13

What can be a driver of anxiety in a patient with asthma?

increased PaCO2