Pediatrics Flashcards Preview

Pharm II Exam 4 > Pediatrics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (13):
1

What can influence drug absorption from the IM site in premature infants compared to older children & adults?

Differences in muscle mass

Poor perfusion to muscles

Peripheral vasomotor instability

Insufficient muscular contractions

2

Premature infants require a larger ______ ________ than older children to achieve a therapeutic serum concentration of drugs s/a phenobarbital & phenytoin

loading dose

3

What is the MC & reliable method used to determine the proper dose for a pediatric patient?

Body weight

4

What is considered the least reliable method to determine the proper dose for a pediatric patient?

Age

5

What is Clark's Rule-Weight?

(Child's wt in lb / 150 lb) x adult dose

Used very often

6

What is Age-fried's rule?

(Age in months / 150) x adult dose

Rarely used, should be limited to pts under 2 yo

7

What is Age-young's rule?

(Age in years / age in years + 12) x adult dose

May be used for 1-12 yo

8

How can you calculate body surface area (BSA) ?

Using a nomogram

9

BSA is measured in units of....

Meters squared (M2)

Therefore dosage of meds are in units per M2

10

Which units are most commonly used?

Units/kg

11

What is a major point of error w/ pediatric dosing?

Not looking to see if amount is per day or per dose

12

What should you always include on the label when writing a pediatric Rx?

the indication!

13

What should you limit w/ pediatric dosing?

memorization

Look them up every time!