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Flashcards in peds Deck (147)
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1

9th gestational week to birth is called

Fetus

2

4 weeks to 1 year is called

infant

3

1 year to 3 years

toddler

4

three to 6 years is

preschool

5

6 to 12 years is

school-age

6

12 to 18 years is called

adolescent

7

factors that influence growth and development

hereditary
race, gender, environment
nationality, ordinal position in family

8

theres an increase in head development during infancy and it is 4inch

know

9

Toddler

Chest circumference continues to increase, body changes proportions, legs. and arms lengthen through ossification and growth in epiphyseal areas of long bones, birth weight quadrupled by 2 1/2, rate of brain growth decelerates.

10

Eruption of deciduous teeth in a toddler until age

2 1/2

11

Differences between an adult and child in growth and development

The child is in a continuous process of growth and development
growth spurts followed by plateaus
the growth is measurable, can be observed and studied
not all parts mature at the same time

12

Nursing process applied to growth and development

Ht and wt, plot standard growth chart.
record developmental milestones achieved related to the age of the child
observe infant, interview parents.

13

analysis and diagnosis applied to growth and development

determine appropriate nursing diagnosis' related to parenting, coping skills, and unmet developmental needs.

14

Nursing process applied to growth and development outcomes and planning

offer guidance and teaching to family, school personnel, and child to meet developmental needs.

15

nursing process applied to growth and development: implementation

interventions that foster growth and development in the hospital setting can include encouraging age appropriate self care.
anticipatory guidance may be given to parents so they understand changes in behavior, eating habits, and play for the growing child.

16

the nursing process applied to growth and development: evaluation

ongoing environment of growth and development of the child and follow-up of teaching and guidance at prior clinic/home visits are essential.

17

a progression increase in the functions of the body

development

18

an increase in physical size, measured in feet or meters and pounds or kilograms

growth

19

the total way in which a person grows and develops, as dictated by inheritance

maturation

20

cephalocaudal means

proceeds from head to toe

21

Proximodistal means

from midline to periphery

22

growth standards Height increases by __ inch per month for the first 6 mo

1 inch

23

height increases by __% by the 1 year of age

50%

24

weight BW usually ___ by age 5-6 mo

doubles

25

weight: BW usually ___ by 1 year of age

triples

26

growth standards- standardized

compare the measurement of a child to others of the same age and sex
compare the childs present measurements with the former rat eof growth and patterns of progress

27

some developmental differences between children and adults

height, weight, body proportions, metabolic rates, respirations, cardiovascular systems, immunity, kidney function, nervous system, sleep patterns, bone growth, critical periods, integration of skills

28

Compares the measurement of a child to others of the same age and sex

standardized data

29

Standardized data compares the childs present measurements with the former rate of growth and pattern of progress

children who are in good health tend to follow a consistent pattern of growth
at any age there are wide individual differences in measured values
there are separate charts for boys and girls

30

Denver developmental screen test

assesses the developmental status of children the first 6 years of life in four categories
1. personal-social
2. fine motor-adaptive
3. language
4. gross motor