Flashcards in peds Deck (147)
9th gestational week to birth is called
4 weeks to 1 year is called
1 year to 3 years
three to 6 years is
6 to 12 years is
12 to 18 years is called
factors that influence growth and development
race, gender, environment
nationality, ordinal position in family
theres an increase in head development during infancy and it is 4inch
Chest circumference continues to increase, body changes proportions, legs. and arms lengthen through ossification and growth in epiphyseal areas of long bones, birth weight quadrupled by 2 1/2, rate of brain growth decelerates.
Eruption of deciduous teeth in a toddler until age
Differences between an adult and child in growth and development
The child is in a continuous process of growth and development
growth spurts followed by plateaus
the growth is measurable, can be observed and studied
not all parts mature at the same time
Nursing process applied to growth and development
Ht and wt, plot standard growth chart.
record developmental milestones achieved related to the age of the child
observe infant, interview parents.
analysis and diagnosis applied to growth and development
determine appropriate nursing diagnosis' related to parenting, coping skills, and unmet developmental needs.
Nursing process applied to growth and development outcomes and planning
offer guidance and teaching to family, school personnel, and child to meet developmental needs.
nursing process applied to growth and development: implementation
interventions that foster growth and development in the hospital setting can include encouraging age appropriate self care.
anticipatory guidance may be given to parents so they understand changes in behavior, eating habits, and play for the growing child.
the nursing process applied to growth and development: evaluation
ongoing environment of growth and development of the child and follow-up of teaching and guidance at prior clinic/home visits are essential.
a progression increase in the functions of the body
an increase in physical size, measured in feet or meters and pounds or kilograms
the total way in which a person grows and develops, as dictated by inheritance
proceeds from head to toe
from midline to periphery
growth standards Height increases by __ inch per month for the first 6 mo
height increases by __% by the 1 year of age
weight BW usually ___ by age 5-6 mo
weight: BW usually ___ by 1 year of age
growth standards- standardized
compare the measurement of a child to others of the same age and sex
compare the childs present measurements with the former rat eof growth and patterns of progress
some developmental differences between children and adults
height, weight, body proportions, metabolic rates, respirations, cardiovascular systems, immunity, kidney function, nervous system, sleep patterns, bone growth, critical periods, integration of skills
Compares the measurement of a child to others of the same age and sex
Standardized data compares the childs present measurements with the former rate of growth and pattern of progress
children who are in good health tend to follow a consistent pattern of growth
at any age there are wide individual differences in measured values
there are separate charts for boys and girls