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Flashcards in Peds Midterm Deck (116)
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1

What is the 1st sign of puberty in males

Testicular Growth

2

What is the 1st sign of puberty in females

Breast Buds

3

Average U.S age of puberty in males

14 years old (Onset 11-12)

4

Average U.S age of puberty in females

12 years old (Onset 9-10)

5

2nd line treatment for uncomplicated Otitis Media

Augmentin (Amoxicillin/Clavulanic) 90/mg/kg a day x 10days

6

1st line treatment for uncomplicated Otitis Media

Amoxicillin 80-90mg/kg a day x 10 days

7

What vaccines are should not be given to immunocompromised children

Live viruses. (MMR, Varicella, Rotavirus, Intranasal influenza, Oral Polio)

8

Age you may see stranger anxiety in an infant?

9 months of age

9

Head lag should be gone by when?

6 months

10

At what age can a child stand on one foot

3 years of age

11

At what age can a child say its first words

6-9 months

12

At what age can a child walk up stairs

3 years

13

What is the Piaget Theory of Cognitive Development for 2-7 years of age

Preoperational Thinking

14

Concrete operational thinking is at what age

7-10 years (School Age Child)

15

Expected average vision of a 2 year old

20/70

16

At birth - 2 years of age, what is the Piaget Theory of Cognitive Development stage

Sensorimotor stage

17

How often will a formula fed infant have stools within the 1st month of life

2 to 4 stools a day

18

What is the consistency of the stool of a breastfed infant

Soft, sticky, watery, curd-like texture, light yellow. (Yellow and seedy)

19

Concrete operational thinking develops during which years

7-10 years (School Age)

20

Most common sign of retinoblastoma is

Leukocoria (White pupil)

21

At one month old, what reflexes will a baby exhibit?

* Rooting
* Stepping
* Moro
* Babinski

22

The chemical cause of Ophthalmia Neonatorum is?

Use of Silver Nitrate or Erythromycin ointment on the infant post/after birth

23

Treatment for Retinoblastoma is

* Chemoreduction
* Referral to Ophthalmologist and Oncologist

24

The most common cause of neonatorum conjunctivits

Chlamydia infection (Chlamydia pass vertically through vaginal birth canal)

25

Signs and Symptoms of HSV Neonatorum Ophthalmia

* Usually begins 2 weeks after birth
* Watery discharge
* Vesicles

26

Management of Nasal Foreign Body is?

Remove with forceps and/or refer to E.N.T

27

The stool consistency of a formula fed infant would be?

Soft, semi-formed, with a brown, greenish, or yellow color.

28

The Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development for 12 years of age and up is?

Formal Operational Thinking

29

What is the prognosis of Epitaxis

Good: Most cases are benign and due to increased vascularity of nasal mucosa (Kiesselbach Plexus area).

30

Causes of Epitaxis include: (Remember C.N.S and T.M.H)

* Clotting and Hematology disorders (Rare)
* Nose Picking and N.S.A.I.Ds
* Sinusitis
* Trauma
* Mucosal Dryness from Medication
* Hypertension