Pelajaran#4 - Perkembangan Partai Politik Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pelajaran#4 - Perkembangan Partai Politik Deck (87):
1

digolongkan
golongan

to be classified
class, group

2

menandai

to mark

3

kesadaran

awareness

4

asas

principle

5

peran

role

6

mendesak

to urge

7

mengundurkan diri

to resign

8

diserahkan

to be submitted

9

runtuh

to fall down

10

lolos

to get away, get out

11

pergerakan

movement

12

memunculkan

to give rise

13

melaksanakan

to implement, carry out

14

leluasa

free (bebas)

15

mengingat

to remember, consider, bear in mind

16

besar-besaran

massive, large-scale

17

diredam

to be muted

18

pertarungan
bertarung

battle
to battle

19

terobosan

breakthrough

20

memelopori

to pioneer

21

ambang batas

threshold

22

berpura-pura

to pretend

23

asas tunggal

single principle

24

kesenjangan sosial

social gap

25

kelestarian lingkungan

environmental sustainability

26

bergantung pada
mengandalkan (pada)

to depend on
to rely on

27

mengendalikan

to control (kendali)

28

terkadang

= kadang-kadang

29

segi

aspect, facet, side (= sisi)

30

unsur

element

31

lemahnya

weakness

32

amat

= sangat

33

cabang-cabang

branch

34

kantor cabang

branch office

35

lagi pula

in addition, moreover, besides

36

tetap

still, always, constantly (adv)
fixed, permanent (adj)

37

kantor tetap

permanent office

38

walhasil

as a result (akibatnya)

39

terdapat
didapat

there, be found, occur (= ada)
to be obtained

40

tertatih-tatih

staggering (= sangat kesulitan)

41

semacam ini

= seperti ini

42

tidak mengherankan bahwa
tidak mengejutkan jika

not surprising that...

43

justru
malahan

instead
instead/even

44

bila

jika, kalau

45

mengejar

to chase

46

celakanya

unfortunately (= sayangnya)

47

mengandalkan

to rely/trade/depend on

48

serta

and, with (= dan juga)

49

banyaknya, besarnya, sedikitnya

many, magnitude, at least

50

mempertontonkan
mempertunjukkan

to show, demonstrate, exhibit, perform

51

rapuh

fragile

52

memaksa

to force

53

hak

right

54

putaran

round

55

pejabat

official

56

jumlah

amount

57

melibatkan

to involve

58

menegaskan

to confirm

59

sebagian
sebagian besar

partially, partly
for the most part

60

sumber

source

61

tulang punggung

backbone, main support

62

penopang
menopang

a support, crutch
to support, sustain, prop

63

pengurus inti

core committee

64

ketua umum

chairperson

65

sumbangan

donation

66

ketergantungan

dependency

67

menghasilkan

to produce

68

alias

in other words (otherwise known as)

69

modal

(financial) capital

70

kader

cadre

71

nilai

value

72

mandiri

independent

73

mewujudkan

to realise

74

dana

fund

75

oligargis

oligarchy

76

sejalan dengan

in line with

77

tidak terlepas dari

cannot be separated from

78

jika perlu
jika diperlukan

if necessary
if needed

79

memenuhi syarat

to qualify

80

bahkan

even

81

kebangkitan

resurgence, rising

82

penipuan
menipu

fraud, deception, deceit
to cheat, deceive

83

berkuasa

in power, ruling

84

kinerja

performance

85

dewan

body, committee

86

berjenjang

tiered

87

terukur

measurable