Flashcards in Pension Principles, Reporting Deck (17):
What are the two types of pension plans?
1.) Defined Contribution Plan - Amount of employer contribution is defined by contract
2.) Defined Benefit Plan - The benefits paid during retirement are based on a formula and therefore are defined
Define "projected benefit obligation (PBO)"
Obligation for defined benefit plans; present value of unpaid benefits as of the balance sheet date
Define "pension expense"
The cost to the firm of providing the pension benefits earned during the year
At what amount are plan assets reported?
List the formula for the amount of return used in computing periodic pension expense
Expected return = rate of return X beginning plan assets
This amount reduces pension expense
What is the basis of accounting for defined benefit plans?
Accrual is the basis of accounting for these plans.
Define "interest cost" as it relates to pension plans, and show the computation
Growth in pension obligation for a period.
=discount rate x (PBO at beginning of the year)
It is a liability that is assumed by the firm and is part of annual pension expense
Define "service cost" as it relates to pension plans
Amount of pension expense reported if interest cost and expected return are equal. It is the present value of benefits earned for a period.
List the outside entities that provide services for a sponsoring firm's defined benefit pension plan
Actuary and Trustee
What is the pension liability balance for a defined contribution plan?
Amount of required contribution not paid
List the two terms for pension plans pertaining to whether employees provide funds for their plan
Plans can be contributory or noncontributory
Where should the funded status of a defined benefit pension plan for a company be reported?
Statement of financial position
How is Pension Liability Calculated?
Difference between ending PBO and plan assets at the balance sheet date. If PBO exceeds plan assets, then pension liability
What is the discount rate in Pension accounting?
The rate used for all actuarial present value pension calculations. The rate at which the pension obligation could be settled and is pegged at the market rate of interest
What is the Expected rate of Return in Pension accounting?
Rate used to compute expected rate of return on plan assets.
What two amounts must a firm compute each year for Pension Accounting?
1.) Annual pension expense - PV cost of benefits earned during the year - cont. operations
2.) Pension Fund Liability - negative = underfunded, positive =overfunded