Flashcards in Financial Statements Deck (16):
What is a major exception of the all-inclusive income statement?
Prior period adjustments. These are corrections of errors affecting prior year net income. These are shown on the statement of retained earnings
What is the balance sheet used for?
Businesses disclose its economic resources (assets) and the manner of financing the acquisition of those resources (creditors, owners contributions, prior year's earnings)
What are the two presentation formats of the balance sheet?
1.) the account format
Which balances sheet approach emphasizes the balance sheet equation?
The account form as liabilities and equity are shown on the same side
What is statement of comprehensive income?
1.) reports all non-owner changes in equity over a period of time
2.) includes items that are not part of net income such as:
Unrealized gains and losses
Adjustments in calculation of pension liability
Foreign currency translation adjustments
Deferrals of certain gains on hedge accounting
How are assets classified on the balance sheet?
In order of decreasing liquidity. The most liquid assets are shown first and the less liquid shown last
How are liabilities classified on the balance sheet?
In order of maturity. Current shown first
How are owners equity items classified on the balance sheet?
In order of permanence
What is the operating cycle of a company?
The period of time required to purchase or produce inventory, sell the inventory, and collect cash from resulting receivables
What are current assets?
Assets that are in the form of cash, or will be converted into cash or consumed within one year or the operating cycle of the business, whichever is longer
What are current liabilities?
Liabilities due in the upcoming year or in the operating cycle of business whichever is longer, and that will be met through the transfer of a current asset or the creation of another current liability. Both criteria must be met
What is the statement of cash flows?
1.) the third of the three major financial statements required. Describes the changes in cash by meaningful category. Dated for the entire period same as income statement
What is the purpose of the statement of cash flows?
To explain the change in cash and equivalents during the past accounting year.
What are cash equivalents?
Short term investments that:
1.) are convertible into a known and fixed amount of cash.
2.) have an original maturity date to the purchaser of three months or less
Stocks are not considered cash equivalents
What are the 3 categories cash flows are classified into on the statement of cash flows?
1.) operating - cash flows related to transactions on the income statement
2.) investing - cash flows related to the acquisition and disposal of long term assets and investments
3.) financing - cash flows related to the liabilities and owners equity