Periodontology - L1 - Bone Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Periodontology - L1 - Bone Deck (3)
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bone functions?

mechanical, hematopoiesis, metabolic


What are the bones' mechanical functions?

1. Protection of vital organs (the skull, the ribs, the labyrinth etc.)
2. Body frame and support
3. Provide attachment for tendons and ligaments and enabling body movements
4. Sound transduction (inner ear: Incus, Malleus, Stapes)


What are the bones' mechanical functions?

1. Mineral storage (calcium, phosphorus etc.)
2. Growth factor storage (bone morphogenic proteins, transforming growth factor, insulin-like growth factor etc.)
3. Acid-base balance: it buffers the blood against excessive pH changes by absorbing or releasing alkaline salts
4. Detoxification: absorbs heavy metals from the blood
5. Endocrine: Osteocalcin which increases insulin secretion