Flashcards in Personality 3 Deck (10):
What is the postulated theory for etiology of Borderline Personality Disorder?
Biological vulnerability + Invalidating environment..
Parent's don't validate child's emotional responses and/or has erratic vs over/under rxns to child, so child learns to 1) not trust their feelings/emotions, and 2) uses behavior to communicate.
What is the main evidence based benefit of DBT for BPD?
reduces suicide risk.
What are the two evidence based therapies that are helpful in BPD?
1. Transference focused psychotherapy
2. Dialectical behavioral therapy.
What are the four parts of DBT?
1. Weekly individual therapy
2. Weekly group therapy
3. Phone contact
4. Therapist support group (for the therapists)
What are the four main element of weekly group therapy in DBT?
-Observing without reacting
-Learning to name reactions/emotions
-Learning to participate without self-consciousness.
2. Interpersonal effectiveness (includes assertiveness training)
3. Emotion regulation skills (mostly CBT)
4. Distress tolerance
Histrionic PD is highly comorbid with what Axis 1 illness?
Somatic Symptom Disorder.
What interesting brain changes do you see in individuals with Narcissistic PD when they are interacting with others?
Activation of motor and pre-motor regions of the brain.
Which PD are women more likely to have?
Which PD are men more likely to have?
Narcissistic M= F
What axis 1 illnesses increase your lifetime prevalence of OCPD?
Anxiety disorders (panic, social phobia, GAD)