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Veterinary Terminology > PetMD "A" > Flashcards

Flashcards in PetMD "A" Deck (234)
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1

Abacterial

Indicates that something has no presence of bacteria in it.

2

Abbattoir

A location in which animals are slaughtered; a slaughter house.

3

Abaxial

A term that refers to something in particular being found away from the center of the body or the body part in question.

4

Abdomen

The part of the body between the chest and the hips. It contains vital organs, including the stomach and intestines, bladder, liver, and other vital organs.

5

Abdominal Breathing

An irregular type of breathing that uses the muscles in the wall of the abdomen to move air into the lungs and pump it back out.

Abdominal breathing is not normal and is the indicator of a respiratory condition of infection.

6

Abdominal Cavity

The space in the abdomen that holds the major digestive organs in an animal.

Referred to as the area between the diaphragm and pelvis.

Referred to as the peritoneal cavity.

7

Abdomial Effusion

Refers to a condition in which fluid collects around the vital organs located inside the abdomen. This is normally the side effect of a more serious condition, like liver or heart disease. Certain bacterial infections can cause the build-up of such fluids, as can certain types of cancer. An animal experiencing abdominal effusion will likely have an extremely bloated midsection.

8

Abdominal Wall

A group of bones, muscles, and vital tissues that make up the wall around the organs in the adbomen. Inside these bones, muscles, and tissues is a cavity, and the cavity is what houses the vital organs found inside the abdomen. This wall is vital for protection of these organs.

9

Abdominocentesis

A procedure in which a needle is inserted into the abdomen of the animal to remove fluid.

Used to make a diagnosis.

10

Abduct

The movement of something away from the animal's midsection.

Opposite of adduct.

11

Abiotrophy

The loss of use of an organ.

This is a progressive condition and is inheritable.

May occur in an organ, tissue, or nervous system.

12

Ablactate

To take off the tear or to stop from nursing; to wean an animal off its mother's milk.

13

Ablate

To take something out of something else.

Ablation- removal of a body part by cutting it out.

14

Abomasopexy

The surgical procedure of attaching the fourth stomach compartment to the abdominal wall.

15

Abomasum

The fourth stomach of several stomach compartments- the true or real stomach.

16

Aboral

Used to describe a direction; away from or outside an animal's mouth.

17

Abort

To end a pregnancy early, whether purposeful or accidental.

18

Abortive

Used to describe an animal that is barren or unable to successfully reproduce.

19

Abrasion

An injury that has occurred in which one or more of the topmost layers or skin are scraped away.

Known as a scrape.

20

Abscess

A localized infection; usually a lesion filled with pus.

Can be large or small.

21

Absoulte Age

Refers to an animals actual age in calendar years rather that the age pertaining to their development.

Ex: actual age vs age in dog years

22

Absorption

The joining of already digested nutrients within the circulatory system. Absorption is how an animal's body makes use to nutrients from food.

23

Absorption Rate

The rate at which digested nutrients enters the circulatory system.

24

Abundance

The number of animals per unit of area

Ex: 5 horses per square acre

25

Acariasis

Refers to the condition of being overrun with parasites, such as ticks or mites.

26

Acaricide

Any substance known to kill certain parasites, including ticks and mites. May be found in the form of a paste, liquid, or powder.

27

Acarid

Refers to any tick or mite belonging to the order Acarina.

28

Acarine

A mite or tick.

29

Acclimate

To beome accustomed to new actions, surroundings, environment, or companions.

30

Accommodation

A process, that of adjusting the eye to see objects at a variety of distances.