Pfeiffer - Airway Management Flashcards Preview

MED234 Respiratory > Pfeiffer - Airway Management > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pfeiffer - Airway Management Deck (22):
1

Respiratory anatomy

- Nasopharynx - delicate turbinates (careful for nasopharyngeal)
- Oropharynx - hyoid bone
- Hypopharynx @ level of epiglottis!

2

Respiratory anatomy

Larynx - @ cricothyroid cartilage
Cricothyoid membrane
(Hyoid >> CT >> crycoid)

3

Importance of observation

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4

Describe the use of supplemental oxygen: indications

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5

Describe the use of supplemental oxygen: contraindications

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6

Describe the use of supplemental oxygen: advantages

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7

Describe the use of supplemental oxygen: disadvantages

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8

Predictors of difficulty in mask vent

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9

Predictors of difficulty in endotracheal intubation

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10

Sellick maneurver

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11

Essential components of airway kit

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12

What is the most important trauma care task?

Initial airway magmt

13

Basic Airway Maneuvers

- Modified jaw thrust **do not extend the neck to open airway!
- Jaw lift
Goal: bring posterior tongue off pharyngeal wall

14

Airway adjuncts

- **Naspharyngeal - can use in anyone**
- **Oropharyngeal - person must be unconscious**
- Blind Insertion Airway Device
- Endotraceal intubation

15

What is RSI?

Rapid sequence intubation - doc MUST steal the airway from the pt. BMV ventilation first

16

MMAP: what is this score?

Mallampati Score - The higher the score, the higher degree of intubation difficulty.
1-entire tonsil or tonsillar bed visible
2-upper half of tonsil or tonsillar bed is visible
3-soft and hard palate are clearly visible.
4- only hard palate visible

17

Noisy breathing is always indicative of what?

OBSTRUCTION of airway
(i.e. firefighter)

18

BOOTS acronym

Difficult BMV ventilation.
B - beards
O - obesity
O - older patients
T - toothlessness
S - snores or stridor

19

What is MMAP 3-3-1?

3 fingers from chin to hyoid
3 fingers in open mouth
1 finger for lower jaww protrusion

20

What are three things for MMAP to know?

3-3-1
- Atlanto-Occiputal exstension (if spine injury not expected)
- Pathology - anatomic airway obstruction

21

Advantage of BMV with reservoir bag?

90-100% oxygen

22

Device with lowerst supplemental oxygen percentage and highest.

40-50% Lowerst - simple face mask
100% - FROPVD