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Flashcards in PFT Testing Deck (39)
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0

What are 3 measurement types?

-lung volumes/capacities
-flow rates
-gas diffusion

1

How many lung volumes are there?

4

2

How many lung capacities are there?

4

3

What does one lung capacity equal?

2 or more lung volumes

4

What are the directly measured lung volumes?

-IC
-IRV
-ERV
-VC
-VT

5

What are the indirectly measured lung volumes?

-RV
-FRC
-TLC

6

How do we measure indirect volumes?

Perform a SVC maneuver

7

How would you instruct a patient to perform a SVC?

Take a maximal inspiration followed by a maximal expiration without force

8

What kind of disease will the SVC provide important volumes for?

Restrictive diseases

9

What is the definition of IRV?

Maximum volume of air inspired following normal inspiration. Not clinically significant

10

What is the definition of the ERV?

Normal inhale followed by maximal exhalation (20-25% of VC)

11

What is the definition of IC?

Normal exhalation followed by maximal inhalation

12

What is the definition of VC?

-inspiration: maximal exhalation followed by inhaling deeply as possible
-expiration: maximal inhalation followed by exhaling maximally
-80% of TLC
-obtained from VC maneuver

13

What is pulmonary mechanics?

-Evaluates lungs ability to move large volumes quickly
-measures FLOWS

14

What disease will FVC provide important flow rates for?

Obstructive

15

How would you instruct a patient to perform a FVC maneuver?

Take a maximal inspiration followed by a maximal expiration as forcefully and rapidly as possible

16

What are some important facts about FVC?

-effort dependent
-must begin exhalation quickly
-exhalation must be > or = to 6 seconds
-should equal SVC
-indicates obstruction if not completed in 3 seconds

17

What is FEF25-75?

Small airways

18

What is FEF200-1200?

Large airways

19

What are some important facts about PEFR?

-effort dependent
-typical value 10 L/sec (600 L/min)
-sometimes used to evaluate asthmatic patients, pre/post bronchodilation
-ID in flow-volume graph as highest point

20

What is FEV/FVC ratio?

FEV for a given interval expressed as a % of a FVC

21

What is FEV1.0?

-volume of gas expired over a given 1 second
-best indicator of obstructive disease

22

What does it mean if your FEV1/FVC ratio <70%?

Obstructive

23

What does it mean if your FEV1/FVC ratio is >70%

Indicates no obstruction so normal or restrictive

24

What is a flow volume loop?

Measures the volumes and flow rates of the FVC

25

What are the directions of a flow volume loop?

-patient performs a FEV from TLC
-followed by a FIV from RV

26

What is measured on the FVC vertical axis?

-flow rates measured directly on the vertical axis
-expiratory flows above base line
-inspiratory flows below base line

27

What is measured on the FVC horizontal axis?

-volume measured directly on the horizontal axis

28

What would the shape be of a restrictive flow-volume loop?

tall and skinny

29

What would the shape be of an obstructive flow-volume loop?

scooped out

30

What does fixed airway obstruction cause?

equal decreases in both expiratory and inspiratory flow rates

31

How would you know if you had an intrathoracic airway obstruction?

-flattened on expiration
-flow limitation

32

How would you know if you had an extrathoracic large airway obstruction?

flow limitation on inspiration

33

What is the purpose of the pre and post bronchodilator PFT testing?

used to measure the reversibility of an obstructive pattern

34

A bronchodilator post study is considered to be significant with an increase in how much?

15% or more

35

When should all bronchodilator therapy be held?

8 hours prior to testing

36

What is bronchial provocation?

looks for airway reactivity

37

What are some ways bronchial provocation is done?

-methacholine challenge
-histamine challenge
-cold air challenge
-exercise challenge

38

How is it determined that a patient has reactive airways after bronchial provocation?

a 20% or more decrease in FEV1 occurs