Pharm Indications Flashcards Preview

NPLEX2 Med Interventions > Pharm Indications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharm Indications Deck (175):
1

5-fluorouracil

Breast cancer, BCC topical

2

acetaminophen

pain, fever

3

adalimumab

RA, AS, psoriasis/psoriatic, Crohn’s + UC

4

albuterol / salmeterol

COPD, asthma

  • albuterol: short-acting
  • salmeterol: long-acting

5

alendronate

osteoporosis

6

alprazolam

anxiety

7

amantadine

Parkinson's

8

amiodarone

ventricular arrhythmias, cardioversion in a. fib

9

amitriptyline

depression (TCA)

10

amlodipine

HTN (CCB)

11

amoxicillin

infection (beta-lactam: cillins and ceph/cefs)

strep, sinusitis, pneumonia, UTI, chlamydia, otitis media

12

anatrazole

Br CA

13

aspirin

pain, fever, MI

14

atenolol/propranolol

HTN

15

atorvastatin

hypercholesterolemia

16

atropine

glaucoma, bradycardia, acute diarrhea

anticholenergic/anti-parasympathetic

dilates pupils, increase heart rate, dry mouth, urinary + fecal retention

CI: narrow-angle glaucoma

17

azithromycin

upper and lower resp tract infection (pertussis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, pneumonia), chlamydia, PID

macrolide (-thromycins)

18

bisacodyl

constipation

19

bismuth subsalicylate enema

diarrhea

20

bromocriptine

Parkinson's, hyperprolactinemia, infertility

21

buproprion

depression, smoking cessation

22

busprione

GAD

23

capsaicin

pain (topically)

24

carbamazepine

seizures

AE: rash (5-10%), neutropenia, aplastic anemia

25

carisoprodol

pain, anxiety

26

cephalexin

Otitis, strep pharyngitis, impetigo

27

celecoxib

OA, RA, AS, pain

28

ciprofloxacin

infection, anthraX, UTI (esp. pyelo)

AE: hemolytic anemia in G6P deficiency

29

clindamycin

topical: acne, MRSA

oral: serious infections of resp and GU tracts, skin, and soft tissue

(examples: PID, TSS, septiciemia, osteomylitis, MRSA)

rarely allerginic, not a macrolide

can cause c. diff infxn

30

clonidine

HTN

31

clopidogrel

stroke, MI, PAD, CAD

32

codeine

pain, cough

33

colchicine

gout

34

cyclobenzaprine

pain

35

cyclosporine

immune suppression/organ transplantation

36

deferoxamine

DEFERoxamine

hemochromatosis

37

dexamethoasone

anti-inflammatory

38

dextroamphetamine

ADHD

SE: appetite loss, insomnia

39

dextromethORPHAN

cough (w/o asthma, > 6yo)

40

DHEA

many indications

41

diazepam

anxiety, relaxant

42

dicyclomine

IBS

43

Digoxin

a. fib

44

diphenhydramine

allergy

45

DMPS/DMSA

elevated mercury

46

docusate

constipation

47

donepezil

Alzheimer's, dementia

48

doxorubicin

CA

49

doxycylcine

infection, Lyme, PID, acne

50

EDTA

elevated lead

51

ephinephrine

allergy

52

esomeprazole

GERD

53

estradiol and other estrogens...

OCP, menopause

54

finasteride

BPH

55

fluconazole

fungal infections

56

fluoxetine

depression (SSRI)

57

fluticasone

asmtha

58

furosemide

HTN, edema (loop)

59

gabapentin

epilepsy, nerve pain

60

gemfibrozil

hyperlipidemia

61

glyburide

DM

62

guaifenesin

cough

63

HCTZ

HTN, heart failure (thiazide)

64

hydrocodone

pain, cough

65

hydrocortisone

inflammation

66

hydroxychloroquine

prevent malaria

AE: hemolytic anemia in G6P deficiency

67

hydroxyzine

motion sickness, allergy, anxiety

antihistamine

68

ibuprofen

pain, fever

69

insulin

DM, emergency setting

70

isotretinoin

isotRETINoin

acne

71

ketamine

anesthetic

72

lantanoprost

glaucoma

73

levidopa/carbidopa

Parkinson's

74

levothyroxine

hypothyroid

75

lisinopril

HTN, MI (ACE)

76

lithium

mania, bipolar

77

loperamide

diarrhea

78

loratadine

allergies

79

mebendazole

parasites

80

medroxyprogesterone

contraception, HRT

81

melatonin

insomnia

82

metformin

DM

83

methadone

opioid dependence

84

methotrexate

autimmmune, CA

AE: antifolate drug

85

methylphenidate

ADHD, narcolepsy

SE: anxiety, insomnia

86

metoclopramide

N/V, migraines

87

misoprostol

ulcers, PUD

abortion

88

modafinil

narcolepsy, sleep apnea

89

mometasone

eczema, psoriasis (topical)

asthma, allergic rhinitis (inhaled)

glucocorticoid

90

montelukast

asthma

91

morphine

pain

92

mupirocin

MRSA, infection

93

naltrexone

opioid dependance

94

nicotine patch

smoking cessation

95

nitrofurantoin

UTI

96

norelgestromin

OCP

97

nystatin

fungal infection

98

oxycodone

pain

99

oseltomivir

influenza, pneumonia

100

oxymetazoline

congestion

101

oyxtocin

labor, postpartum hemorrhage

102

paclitaxel

CA

103

penicillamine

RA, Wilson's

104

penicillin VK

infection

105

permethrin

scabies, lice, mites

106

phenazopyridine

phenAZOpyridine

pain with UTI

AE: hemolytic anemia in G6P deficiency

107

phenelzine

anxiety, depression

MAOI

AE:

  • avoid tyramine
  • B6 deficiency
  • dizzy, blurry vision, dry mouth, lethargy, sedation, insomnia, anorexia, weight gain

108

phentermine

appetite suppression

109

phenylephrine

congestion, pupil dilation (topical), increase BP

110

phenytoin

seizures

AE: interacts with everything!

  • gingival hyperplasia
  • rash (5-10%)
  • reduced folate
  • anemias (macrocytic, aplastic)

111

pramipexole

Parkinson's, RLS

112

prednisone

asthma, COPD, RA, allergies, IBD (UC + Crohn’s), myasthenia gravis, etc

AE:

  • increases blood sugar (glucocorticoid)

113

pregnenalone

memory probs, alzheimer, fatigue, DM2, autoimmune

114

prochlorperazine

antiemetic, antipsychotic

neuroleptic: D2 receptor antagonist

SE: sedataion, anticholinergic effects, extrapyramidal, neuroleptic malignant syndrome 

115

propylthiouracil (PTU)

hyperthyroid

116

pseudoephedrine

congestion

117

raloxifene

osteoporosis (SERM)

118

ranitidine

PUD, GERD

119

risperidone

bipolar, schizophrenia

neuroleptic (blocks dopamine receptors)

SE: weight gain, insomnia, movement issues + tardive dyskinesia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome

120

rivastigmine

Alzheimer's (AD) and Parkinson's

121

sildenafil

ED

122

sodium phosphate enema

constipation

123

spironolactone

HTN (k-sparing)

124

sucralfate

duodenal ulcers, GERD

125

sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (TMP-sulfa)

UTI, infection

Broad spec

AE: antifolate

126

sulfasalazine

RA, IBD

AE: depletes folate, hemolytic anemia in G6P deficiency

127

sumatriptan

migraine

128

tamsulosin

BPH

129

terbinafine

fungal (skin)

130

testosterone

hypogonadism

131

tiotropium bromide

COPD

anticholinergic

132

tolterodine

urinary incontinence

anticholinergic: dry mouth, HA, constip, dry eyes, tachycardia

133

trazadone

depression/anxiety

134

triple antibiotic

all the things neosporin

135

USP thyroid

hypothyroidism

136

valacyclovir

HSV, shingles

137

valsartan

HTN (ARB)

138

vinblastine

CA

139

warfarin

anticoagulant

140

zidovudine

HIV

141

zolpidem

insomnia

142

allopurinol

gout, Ki stone

143

aripiprazole

Abilify

schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression

SE: weight gain, insomnia, movement issues + tardive dyskinesia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome

144

calcipotriol

plaque psoriasis, topical

(vit D derivative)

145

canagliflozin

DM2

146

clarithromycin

upper and lower resp tract infection (sinusitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia)

macrolide (-thromycins)

147

escitalopram

depression, GAD

148

haloperidol

schizophrenia, psychosis

antipsychotic

SE: extrapyramidal (dystonia, motor restlessness, tardive dyskinesia), hypotension, neuroleptic malignant syndrome

149

heparin

MI, DVT, PE

anticoagulant, only used IV

150

insulin (lispro, regular, glargine)

diabetes mellitus

  • lispro: fast-acting
  • regular: short-acting
  • glargine: long-acting

151

interferon alpha-2

cancer, chronic hep B and C

152

interferon beta-1

multiple sclerosis

153

ipratropium bromide

asthma, COPD

154

isoniazid

tuberculosis

can cause severe/fatal hepatitis

155

liothyronine

hypothyroidism

synthetic T3

156

liraglutide

DM2

157

lugol solution

colposcopy, disinfectant, protect against thryoid storm when initiating anti-thyroid drug/thyroidectomy, iodine deficiency

158

methylprednisolone

bronchial inflammation, autoimmune dz, arthritis

159

metronidazole

First choice for c. diff.

BV + trichomoniasis, PID

160

naloxone

opiod overdose

161

naproxen

inflammatory pain, fever

162

thiazolidinediones

(pioglitazone)

DM2

163

nitroglycerin

angina

164

ondansetron

nausea and vomiting

165

potassium chloride

hypokalemia 

(thiazides, loops, insulin, digitalis)

166

pregabalin

neuralgia/neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, anxiety

167

propranolol

HTN, arrhythmia, angina

168

rifampin

TB, meningitis prophylaxis

169

selenium sulfide

tinea versicolor, dandruff

170

sitagliptin

DM2

171

tamoxifen

Breast cancer

172

tofacitinib

RA

173

trastuzumab

Breast cancer (Her2+)

174

varenicline

Chantix

smoking cessation

175

venlafaxine

SNRI

depression, anxiety