Flashcards in Pharmacology 4 - Common CV Drugs (I:2 done) Deck (31):
What drugs can be used to treat hypertension? (6)
Alpha blockersACEIARBBeta blockersCalcium channel antagonistsThiazide like diuretic
What do all beta blockers end in?
What do ACEI end in?
What do all ARB end in?
What drugs can be used to treat angina? (6)
Beta blockersCalcium antagonistsNitratesNicorandilIvabradineRanolazine
What are the 3 categories of anti-thrombotic drugs?
What are 4 examples of anti-platlet drugs?
What are 3 examples of anti-coagulant drugs?
What are 2 examples of fibrinolytic drugs?
StreptokinaseTissue Plasminogen activator (tPA)
What are 2 groups of anti-cholesterol drugs?
What are the 5 main groups of CV drugs?
How do diuretics work?
They block Na reabsorption in the kidneys and reduce the amount of fluid in the body
What are the 2 categories of diuretics?
Thiazide like diuretics (mild)Loop diuretics (stronger)
Example of a thiazide like diuretic?Used to treat?
Example of a loop diuretic?Used to treat?
Side effects of diuretics? (4)
Hypokalaemia (tired, arrhythmias)HyperglycaemiaIncreased uric acid = goutImpotence
How do beta blockers work?
They block beta 1 +/- beta 2 adrenoceptors
What is an example of a cardioselective beta blocker?What is this used to treat? (3)
What is an example of a non selective beta blocker?What is it used to treat?
Contra-indication for use of beta blocker?
Side effects of beta blockers?
AsthmaTirednessHeart failure (good in the long term but can worsen it in the short term)Cold peripheries
2 types of calcium antagonists?
DihydropyridinesRate limiting calcium antagonists
Example of a dihydropyridine?What is used to treat? (2)Side effects?
AmlodipineHypertension and anginaAnkle oedema
2 examples of rate limiting calcium antagonists?What are they used to treat?What should these never be used with?
Verapamil, DilitiazemHypertension, angina, SV arrhythmiasBeta blockers
How do alpha blockers work?
Block alpha adrenoceptos to cause vasodialtion
What are alpha blockers used to treat?
Example of alpha blocker?Side effects?
How do ACEI work?
Block angiotensin I from becoming angiotensin II
Example of an ACEI?
What are ACEI used for?
Hypertension and heart failure