Pharmacology 4 - Common CV Drugs (I:2 done) Flashcards Preview

1st Year - Cardiology > Pharmacology 4 - Common CV Drugs (I:2 done) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacology 4 - Common CV Drugs (I:2 done) Deck (31):
1

What drugs can be used to treat hypertension? (6)

Alpha blockersACEIARBBeta blockersCalcium channel antagonistsThiazide like diuretic

2

What do all beta blockers end in?

-olol

3

What do ACEI end in?

-pril

4

What do all ARB end in?

-artan

5

What drugs can be used to treat angina? (6)

Beta blockersCalcium antagonistsNitratesNicorandilIvabradineRanolazine

6

What are the 3 categories of anti-thrombotic drugs?

Anti-Platelet drugsAnti-coagulantsFibrinolytics

7

What are 4 examples of anti-platlet drugs?

AspirinClopidogrelPrasugrelTicagrelor

8

What are 3 examples of anti-coagulant drugs?

WarfarinRivaroxabanDabigatran

9

What are 2 examples of fibrinolytic drugs?

StreptokinaseTissue Plasminogen activator (tPA)

10

What are 2 groups of anti-cholesterol drugs?

StatinsFibrates

11

What are the 5 main groups of CV drugs?

Anti-hypertensivesAnti-anginalsAnti-thromboticAnti-cholesterolAnti-arrhythmics(+others)

12

How do diuretics work?

They block Na reabsorption in the kidneys and reduce the amount of fluid in the body

13

What are the 2 categories of diuretics?

Thiazide like diuretics (mild)Loop diuretics (stronger)

14

Example of a thiazide like diuretic?Used to treat?

BendrofluazideHypertension

15

Example of a loop diuretic?Used to treat?

FurosemideHeart failure

16

Side effects of diuretics? (4)

Hypokalaemia (tired, arrhythmias)HyperglycaemiaIncreased uric acid = goutImpotence

17

How do beta blockers work?

They block beta 1 +/- beta 2 adrenoceptors

18

What is an example of a cardioselective beta blocker?What is this used to treat? (3)

AtenololAnginaHypertensionHeart failure

19

What is an example of a non selective beta blocker?What is it used to treat?

PropranololThyrotoxicosis

20

Contra-indication for use of beta blocker?

Asthma

21

Side effects of beta blockers?

AsthmaTirednessHeart failure (good in the long term but can worsen it in the short term)Cold peripheries

22

2 types of calcium antagonists?

DihydropyridinesRate limiting calcium antagonists

23

Example of a dihydropyridine?What is used to treat? (2)Side effects?

AmlodipineHypertension and anginaAnkle oedema

24

2 examples of rate limiting calcium antagonists?What are they used to treat?What should these never be used with?

Verapamil, DilitiazemHypertension, angina, SV arrhythmiasBeta blockers

25

How do alpha blockers work?

Block alpha adrenoceptos to cause vasodialtion

26

What are alpha blockers used to treat?

hypertensionProstatic hypertrophy

27

Example of alpha blocker?Side effects?

DoxazosinPostural hypotension

28

How do ACEI work?

Block angiotensin I from becoming angiotensin II

29

Example of an ACEI?

Lisinopril

30

What are ACEI used for?

Hypertension and heart failure

31

In terms of the kidneys what is ACEI good and bad for?

Good for diabetic nephropathyBad for renal artery stenosis