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5th Semester Special Topics > Pharmacology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacology Deck (31)
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1

Class: Ace inhibitor

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Lisinopril "pril"
Brand Name: Prinivil, Zestril
Effect: Lowers BP
Side Effects: Dry cough, hyperkalemia

2

Class: Diuretic

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: hydrochlorothiazide
Brand Name: HCTZ, Esidrix, many others
Effect: Lowers BP
Side Effects: Urination, dehydration, hypokalemia

3

Class: Beta-blocker

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Metoprolol "lol"
Brand Name: Lopressor, Toprol-XL
Effect: Lowers BP
Side Effects: Orthostatic BP, fatigue, SOB, wheezing, bradycardia

4

Class: Calcium channel blocker

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Diltiazem
Brand Name: Cardizem, Cartia, Diltia, Tiazac
Effect: Lowers BP
Side Effects: Heart block, peripheral edema

5

Class: HMG-Co A Reductase inhibitors "Statins"

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Simvastatin "statin"
Brand Name: Zocor
Effect: Lowers cholesterol
Side Effects: increase LFTs, rhabdomyolysis, decreased insulin sensitivity

6

Class: Other lipid lowering medication

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Gemfibrozil
Brand Name: Lopid
Effect: Lowers triglycerides
Side Effects: increased LFTs, rhabdomyolysis

7

Class: Acetaminophen

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Acetaminophen
Brand Name: Tylenol, Percocet, Vicodin
Effect: Analgesic
Side Effects: Increased LFTs

8

Class: NSAID

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Ibuprofen
Brand Name: Motrin, Advil
Effect: Anti-inflammatory
Side Effects: GI upset, bleeding

9

Class: Narcotics

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Oxycodone
Brand Name: Oxycontin, Roxicodone, Percocet, Percodan
Effect: Analgesic, opioid-related to opium
Side Effects: Sedation, fatigue, hallucinations, constipation, risk of addiction

10

Class: Beta Agonist

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Albuterol
Brand Name: Proventil, ProAir, Ventolin
Effect: Rescue asthma/COPD inhaler
Side Effects: Insomnia, nervousness, tachycardia

11

Class: Beta agonist and Cortisone

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Solmeterol and Fluticasone
Brand Name: Advair
Effect: Prophylaxis for asthma/COPD
Side Effects: Insomnia, nervousness, tachycardia, adrenal insufficiency

12

Class: Anti-cholinergic

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Ipratropium
Brand Name: Atrovent, Combivent, DuoNeb
Effect: Rescue asthma/COPD inhaler
Side Effects: No with peanut allergy, dry mouth, sedation

13

Class: Cortisone

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Predisone
Brand Name: Deltasone, Pred-Pak, Meticorten
Effect: potent anti-inflammatory
Side Effects: Increased infections, decreased wound healing, increased appetite, adrenal insufficiency

14

Class: Xanthine (caffeine like)

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Theophylline
Brand Name: Theo-24, Theo-Dur, T-phyl, Uniphyl
Effect: Rescue asthma/COPD inhaler
Side Effects: Nausea, diarrhea, tachycardia, insomnia, irritability, requires blood monitoring

15

Class: Gas

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Oxygen
Brand Name: NA
Effect: Increased percentage of inhaled oxygen
Side Effects: carbon dioxide retention

16

Class: Insulin

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Insulin glargine
Brand Name: Lantus
Effect: Lowers blood sugar
Side Effects: Hypoglycemia: fatigue, headache, hunger, nausea, confusion, drowsiness, tachycardia, seizures

17

Class: Insulin

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Insulin regular
Brand Name: N/A
Effect: Lowers blood sugar
Side Effects: Hypoglycemia: fatigue, headache, hunger, nausea, confusion, drowsiness, tachycardia, seizures

18

Class: Sulfonylureas

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Glyburide
Brand Name: Micronase, DiaBeta, Glynase
Effect: Lowers blood sugar
Side Effects: Hypoglycemia, jaundice, easy bruising

19

Class: "Glitazones"

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Pioglitazone
Brand Name: Actos
Effect: Lowers blood sugar
Side Effects: Increased LFTs, swelling, SOB

20

Class: Biguanides

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Metformin
Brand Name: Glucophage
Effect: Lowers blood sugar
Side Effects: Lactic acidosis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hypoglycemia is unusual

21

Class: Anti-epileptic/Anti-convulsant

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Phenytoin
Brand Name: Dilantin, Dilantin ER
Effect: Controls (prevents and treats) seizures
Side Effects: rash, slurred speech, confusion, LOB and coordination

22

Class: Selective Serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRIs)

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Fluoxetine
Brand Name: Prozac, sarafem, Prozac weekly
Effect: Decrease depression and anxiety
Side Effects: Insomnia, agitation, decreased/increased appetite impotence, emotional changes

23

Class: Dopamine agonist

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Carbidopa-levodopa
Brand Name: Atamet, Sinemet, Parcopa
Effect: Treats Parkinson's
Side Effects: Dyskinesias (choreoform, dystonic, involuntary movements, nausea

24

Class: Anti-histamine/Anti-cholinergic

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: meclizine
Brand Name: Dramimine, Antivert, Bonine, Medivert
Effect: Motion Sickness
Side Effects: Sedation, dry mouth, dizziness

25

Class: Muscle Relaxant

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Cyclobenzaprene
Brand Name: Flexiril, Amrix
Effect: Relaxes muscles
Side Effects: Sedation, dry mouth, dizziness

26

Class: Benzodiazepines

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Lorazepam
Brand Name: Ativan
Effect: Decreases anxiety
Side Effects: Sedation, addictive, hypotension

27

Class: Penicilin

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Amoxicillin/clavulinic acid
Brand Name: Augmentin
Effect: Antibiotic
Side Effects: GI Upset, (N,V,D), abd pain/cramping

28

Class: Macrolide

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Azithromycin
Brand Name: Zithromax
Effect: Antibiotic
Side Effects: GI upset (N,V,D), abd pain/cramping

29

Class: Quinilone

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Ciproflaxin
Brand Name: Cipro, Cipro XR, Proquin
Effect: Antibiotic
Side Effects: Headache, anxiety, N/V, rupture of tendons

30

Class: Anti-influenza

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Effect:
Side Effects:

Generic Name: Oseltamvir
Brand Name: Tamiflu
Effect: Antiviral
Side Effects: Headache, N/V, abd pain, fatigue, cough