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Flashcards in PHILOSOPHY (UNIT ONE) Deck (31):
1

The branch of Philosophy that can be described as the science of correct thinking.

LOGIC

2

The school established by Aristotle who is known as the tutor of Alexander the Great.

LYCEUM

3

This Greek City state is known for its militaristic activities and said to be involved in the Peloponnesian War.

SPARTA

4

The term that defines the boundless element that is believed to be the source of everything.

APEIRON

5

AKA "The Laughing Philosopher"

DEMOCRITUS

6

This Pre-Socratic philosopher believed that water is the source of everything.

THALES OF MILETUS

7

The branch of philosophy that deals with the existence of things.

METAPHYSICS

8

The branch of philosophy that evaluates human actions.

ETHICS

9

This Pre-Socratic philosopher believed that air is the basic element that gives life.

ANAXIMENES

10

Wrote the "Allegory of the Cave". Believes that women have equal rights like men.

PLATO

11

TRUE/FALSE: Philosophy came from the Greek words "Philia/Philo" which means love and "Sophia" which means wisdom. Etymologically, it can be said that philosophy is the "love of wisdom".

TRUE.

12

TRUE/FALSE: Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that deals with how you know things to be true based on what you know.

FALSE. (Answer: Epistemology)

13

TRUE/FALSE: Under the Principle of Identity, this states that an object cannot either be or not be at the same time.

FALSE. (Answer: Principle of Non-Contradiction)

14

TRUE/FALSE: Philosophy isn't considered to be a science because it doesn't have to be systematically organised.

FALSE. (Answer: Philosophy itself is considered as a science as it needs a process to come to a detailed conclusion using unaided reason)

15

TRUE/FALSE: In Plato's "Allegory of the Cave", the two other prisoners went along with the newly freed man to see the outside world for they wanted to see the truth.

FALSE. (Answer: The two other prisoners killed the newly freed man for they are afraid of the light they don't wanna see. In short, they are also afraid of change.)

16

TRUE/FALSE: For Socrates, to be happy, one must live without the use of virtues.

FALSE. (Answer: Read p. 8 of your book.)

17

TRUE/FALSE: Mankind has 100% freedom.

FALSE. (Answer: "We have no ABSOLUTE freedom." - Sir Ejjay the Great)

18

TRUE/FALSE: According to Plato, everything we experience in the physical world with our five senses is real.`

FALSE. (Answer: According to him, nothing we experience in the physical world is real. They're just ideas of forms and can only be detected by the intellect.)

19

This is to express or think through using a philosophical manner.

PHILOSOPHIZING

20

The German philosopher who refers to the phenomenon to our world of experience.

IMMANUEL KANT

21

The thesis that states that the truth is dependent on the peculiarities of the human mind and that philosophy is reducible to psychology.

PSYCHOLOGISM

22

This emphasizes the importance of free individual choice, regardless of the power of other people to influence or coerce our desires, beliefs, and decisions.

EXISTENTIALISM

23

Reasoning based on observations to make generalizations.

INDUCTIVE REASONING

24

A fallacy which uses the same word many times that gives a different meaning each time.

EQUIVOCATION

25

A fallacy that claims that something is already true when just taken from a part of a whole.

COMPOSITION

26

The apostle that wrote letters to the people of Corinth. Can be read in the 1st and 2nd Corinthians in the Bible.

Paul

27

TRUE/FALSE: Too much honey will kill you.

FALSE. (Answer: Too much honey will make you vomit/)

28

A fallacy that uses a threat to advocate/justify their conclusion. Answer in Latin or English.

ARGUMENTUM AD BACULUM
OR
APPEAL TO FORCE

29

TRUE/FALSE: One commits an error in hasty generalization if they reach an inductive generalization based on insufficient evidence.

TRUE

30

TRUE/FALSE: You cannot attack the character of your opponent during a debate at all times.

FALSE (Answer: Exempted situations are when the issue is related to the character.)

31

TRUE/FALSE: God can lie.

FALSE (Answer: God CANNOT lie even if he is omnipotent.)