Flashcards in Phonemic awareness wk 3 Deck (22):
What is Phonological Awareness?
The conscious understanding that words can be broken up into sounds.
What does Phonological Awareness help with?
Helps with beginning readers to understand the alphabetic system in English.
What does Phonological Awareness develop?
Controlling and manipulating letters, sounds & words.
What skills develop over time when learning Phonological awareness?
- Flow of language being made up words.
- Dividing words into syllables.
State the developmental continuum of Phonological awareness.
Segmenting into onset Rime.
Segmenting first & last sounds.
What is word awareness?
Being aware of the words.
Once upon a time = you hear 4 words.
What is Syllable awareness?
Words can be divided into syllables/ beats.
Teaching strategy: Clap it out.
What is Rhyme awareness?
That some words may end with the same sound. Teaching strategy: "do you know a word that rhymes with ...?
What is segmenting into onset rimes?
Onset: cluster of letter at the start of a word.
c/at, tr/ain, tr/ip.
- Onset is everything before the vowel.
Rime: rest of the word.
What is segmenting first & last sounds?
Breaking words apart and identifying first and last sounds.
C/ -- /m
What is blending words?
The ability to combine sounds to make words.
What is segmenting words?
Detecting the sounds to make a word.
Tip = T- I- P
What is manipulating sounds?
The ability to substitute sounds in all positions of words to make new words.
Car, far, star,
Day, stay, staying
What is Phonemic awareness?
The ability to see, separate, combine & manipulate the smallest individual sounds in speech.
What is a phoneme?
A single sound.
What happens when we represent a phoneme with a symbol?
It is a grapheme = letters.
What is a digraph?
A sequence of letters that represent a single sound.
E.g 'th, ou'.
What is a blend?
A sequence of letters that represent a consonant cluster.
MORE THAN ONE SOUND.
E.g. "St, bl"
What is one way to assess a child's phonemic awareness?
Hearing and recording sounds in words.
What is the 'alphabetic principle?
Direct relationship of sounds in spoken language & the written letters used to represent them.
How many letters in the alphabet?