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Flashcards in Encoding and decoding wk 1 Deck (14):

What does Decoding mean and what are some examples?

Decoding: extracting meaning from ‘text’.

Reading, viewing, listening


What does Encoding mean and what are some examples?

Encoding: creating meaning through text.
Writing, creating, talking


What is decoding/encoding?

The application of knowledge about & skills with letters, letter sounds & patterns to read and write.


What is the language of the dominant culture in Australia?

Standard Australian English


When is decoding/ encoding developed?

- When children develop language knowledge about letters, letter sounds and patterns.

- When there are opportunities to apply these in a range of situations.

- When they learn about them in the context in which they are used.


What does non standard English mean?

People from non english speaking backgrounds.


What is the 'Bottom up' early learning theory?

Readers first identify letters,
then put them together to form words,
then phrases,
then sentences
and finally derive meaning.


What is the 'Top down' theory?

Readers only sample enough print to confirm or disconfirm the predictions they have about meaning based on prior knowledge of topic or cues such as pictures and titles.


What are the 3 cueing systems of language?

- Graphophonic - symbols & phonics, print, letters.

- Semantic - using background knowledge, context clues in the text, word order, "Does it make sense?"

- Syntactic - structure, using knowledge of language patterns, "Does it sound right?"

All these combined makes meaning.


Reading is increasingly complex, so teachers must:

- Develop deep knowledge about the reading/writing processes as well as their ability to engage in critique.

- Analyse and reflect on children’s skills and strategies on formal and informal assessments.


What is a literacy session?

- Daily uninterrupted literacy learning time.

- A combination of modes:
Talking and listening experiences

- For a range of purposes.
- For a range of audiences.


What is content guided by?

- Student's interests, strengths & needs.
- Syllabus.


What are the 3 literacy episodes?

Reading & writing
- Modelled/ shared: demonstration to whole class. Shared: actively involve learners.

- guided: engage a small group of learners.

- independent: providing opportunities for learners.


What is a miscue?

Errors that a child makes in their reading (skipping words, substituting).