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Flashcards in Phonics Basics Deck (20)
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1

Rapid, accurate decoding without conscious effort (leads to fluency)

Automaticity

2

Smallest unit of meaning in a language

Morpheme

3

Children are taught how to break up words into individual sounds, and then blend all the way through the word. (part to whole)

Synthetic/Explicit Phonics

4

Involves learning letter-sound relationships in connection with larger language units (whole to part)

Analytic/Implicit Phonics

5

A syllable that ends in a vowel sound

Open Syllable

6

The elongated vowel sound that is the same as the name of the vowel

Long vowel

7

Use letter—sound relationships to translate a word from a series of symbols to a unit of meaning

Decoding

8

Ability to read text with speed and accuracy

Fluency

9

A brief duration sound represented by a vowel letter

Short vowel

10

Sounds represented by the letters b,c,d,f,g,h,j,k,l,m,n,p,q,r,s,t,v,w, and z

Consonants

11

The part of a word that comes before the first vowel

Onset

12

The process of breaking words into their component phonetic elements

Phoneme Segmentation

13

A syllable that ends in a consonant

Closed syllable

14

A letter or cluster of letters representing a single sound or phoneme

Grapheme

15

The written spelling system of any language

Orthography

16

Two or more consonant letters that often appear together in words and represent sounds that are smoothly joined, although each of the sounds can be heard

Blend

17

The part of the word left after the onset is removed

Rime

18

Sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single syllable, in which the sound begins as one vowel and moves toward another- /oy/ and /ow/

Diphthong

19

A letter or group of letters added to the beginning or ending of a base or root word to change its meaning or function (a prefix or suffix)

Affixes

20

Two letters that appear together and represent a single sound -/sh/, /ch/, /oo/ and /ai/

Digraphs