Phrasal verb 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Phrasal verb 5 Deck (24)
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1
Q

to bite off

A

to accept as a responsibility or task

(gánh vác)

ex: When I accepted the position of chairman, I didn’t realize how much I was biting off.
ex: When James registered for 18 units in his last semester at college, he bit off more than he could chew.

2
Q

to tell apart:

A

to distinguish between (also: to pick apart, to tell from)

ex: The two brothers look so much alike that few people can tell them apart
ex: That copy machine is so good that I can’t pick the photocopy and the original apart.
ex: Most new cars are very similar in appearance. It’s almost impossible to tell one from another.

3
Q

all in all

A

considering everything

(trên hết)

ex: There were a few problems, but all in all it was a well-organized seminar
ex: Leonard got a low grade in one subject, but all in all he’s a good student

4
Q

to pass out

A
  1. to distribute (also: to hand out)
  2. to lose consciousness

ex: Please help me pass out these test papers; there must be a hundred of them.
ex: Alright, students, here are the class handouts for this week.

5
Q

to go around

A

to be sufficient or adequate for everyone present, to circulate, to move from place to place

ex: We thought that we had bought enough food and drink for the party, but actually there wasn’t enough to go around.
ex: Mike has been going around telling people that he was accepted to Harvard University. Do you believe him?

6
Q

to be in (the/one’s) way

A

to block or obstruct; not to be helpful, to cause inconvenience

ex: ocelyn couldn’t drive through the busy intersection because a big truck was in the way.
ex: Our small child tried to help us paint the house, but actually he just got in our way.

7
Q

to put on

A
  1. to gain (pounds or weight)
  2. to present, to perform

ex: Bob has put on a lot of weight recently. He must have put at least fifteen pounds on.
ex: The Youth Actor’s Guild put on a wonderful version of Romeo and Juliet at the Globe Theater

8
Q

to put up

A
  1. to construct, to erect
  2. to lift, to raise upwards

ex: The construction company is tearing down that old office building in order to put up a new one
ex: Please put your hand up if you have never studied English grammar before.

9
Q

to put up with

A

to tolerate to accept unwillingly

ex: The employee was fired because his boss could not put up with his mistakes any longer.
ex: While I’m studying, I can’t put up with any noise or other distractions.

10
Q

in vain

A

useless, without the desired result

(vô hiệu)

ex: All the doctors’ efforts to save the injured woman were in vain. She was declared dead three hours after being admitted to the hospital.
ex: We tried in vain to reach you last night. Is your phone out of order?

11
Q

day in and day out

A

continuously, constantly

(also: day after day; for longer periods of time, year in and year out and year after year)
ex: During the month of April, it rained day in and day out.
ex: Day after day I waited for a letter from him, but one never came.

12
Q

to catch up with

A

to work with the purpose of fulfilling a requirement or being equal to others

= to keep up with

(theo kịp)

ex: The student was absent from class so long that it took her a long time to catch up.
ex: If you are not equal to others, first you have to catch up with them before you can keep up with them.

13
Q

to hold still

A

not to move

(đứng yên)

ex: Please hold still while I adjust your tie.
ex: If you don’t hold that camera still, you’ll get a blurred picture.

14
Q

to know by sight

A

to recognize

(This idiom is used when the person has been seen previously but is not known personally. The person must be used to separate the idiom.)

ex: I have never met our new neighbors; I simply know them by sight.

15
Q

to be the matter

A

to be unsatisfactory, to be improper, to be wrong

ex: What is the matter, Betty? You look very upset.
ex: Yes, something is the matter. I’ve lost my purse!

16
Q

to bring up

A
  1. to rear, to raise from childhood
  2. to mention, to raise an issue, to introduce a topic

ex: Sarah wanted to bring the scheduling problem up at the club meeting, but finally she decided against doing

so

17
Q

to get lost

A

to become lost; to go away in order not to bother

ex: While driving in Boston, we got lost and drove many miles in the wrong direction.

18
Q

to hold up

A
  1. to delay, to make late
  2. to remain high in quality

ex: A big accident held up traffic on the highway for several hours.
ex: Deidre is amazed at how well her car has held up over the years.

19
Q

to run away

A

to leave without permission; to escape

ex: That cat is just like a criminal – it runs away from anyone who tries to come near!

20
Q

to rule out

A

to refuse to consider, to prohibit

ex: Ann ruled out applying to college in Texas because she would rather go to school in Canada.
ex: I’d like to watch a good movie on TV tonight, but a ton of homework rules that out.

21
Q

by far

A

by a great margin, clearly

ex: Jacquie is by far the most intelligent student in our class.

22
Q

to see off

A

to say good-bye upon departure by train, airplane, bus, etc. (also: to send off)

ex: We are going to the airport to see Peter off on his trip to Europe.
ex: When I left for Cincinnati on a business trip, no one came to the train station to send me off.

23
Q

to see out

A

to accompany a person out of a house, building, etc.

ex: The Johnsons were certain to see their guests off as each one left the party.
ex: Would you please see me out to the car? It’s very dark outside.

24
Q

no wonder

A

it’s no surprise that, not surprisingly

(This idiom derives from reducing it is no wonder that…)

ex: No wonder the portable heater doesn’t work. It’s not plugged into the electrical outlet!