What is Torque ?
The rotational motion of an object about an axis caused by the forces perpendicular to the axis.
L (NM) = Force (N) x Distance (M)
NB. Distance = distance from Pivot point
In which direction does positive torque turn ?
In which direction does negative torque turn ?
What is Newton's First law ?
Objects in motion or at rest tend to remain as such unless acted on by an outside force.
What is Inertia ?
Resistance to motion
What is momentum ?
A vector quantity (M)
M is also a measure of the force needed to stop or change the direction of an object.
Describe Linear Momentum
Linear M is the tendancy of an object to maintain motion in a straight line.
What is an Impulse ?
A measure of the change of momentum of an object
What are the two different types of Collision ?
Describe an Elastic Collision, and give an example.
Objects rebound off each other. There is conservation of momentum and KE.
E.g. 2 rubber balls collide
Describe an inelastic collision, and give an example
Objects stick together.
There is also conservation of momentum, but not of KE (which is lost as heat or sound, so total energy is conserved).
E.g. Two cars colliding
Describe the equation for the conservation of momentum in a collision
What do you need to know in order to solve problems involving Torque ?
Σ upward force = Σ downward force
Σ positive torque = Σ negative torque
N.B. If you have two unknowns, take 1 to be the pivot point and it will be eliminated (=0) because torque at pivot point = 0.
What happens when a force acts on an object ?
The object undergoes either:
- Translational motion
- Rotational motion
- Complex motion (translational and rotational)