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Flashcards in Physical Assessment Deck (13)
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1

What age is an erect head posture expected

4 months

2

When does the anterior fontanel close?

12-18 months

3

When does the posterior fontanel close

6 to 8 weeks

4

What are the two methods for checking visual acuity in Children who can not read numbers or letters

Tumbling E or HOTV test

5

What test is used for color vision

Ishihara test or hardy rand Rittler test

6

When do the irises get permanent color

6-12 months

7

What age do you stop pulling the pin a down and back and start pulling up and back

3 years

8

How many teeth should you have by 1 year

6-8

9

How many deciduous teeth are there? And how many permanent teeth are there

20 and 32

10

What is the average normal weight gain in the first 6 months and first year

They should gain about 150-210(180) grams per day. Doubled in weight by 6 months and tripled by 12

11

When do the first teeth usually erupt

6-10 months

12

How can you combat teething pain

1.Cold teething rings
2. OTC teething gels
3.acetaminophen or ibuprofen(rye syndrome if used before 6 months) if pain interferes with sleep or feeding
4. Clean teeth with cold wet washcloth

13

Nursing considerations when doing a physical exam

1. Keep the room warm and well lit
2. Medical equipment out of sight
3. Explain procedure using dolls, puppets or drawings and allow them to manipulate equipment