Physics3 8K Energy Transfers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Physics3 8K Energy Transfers Deck (35)
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1

The sun's heat energy that travels across space to warm Earth is called......

........infra-red (or IR)

2

Are dark or light colours the best good emitters and absorbers of radiation

Dark

3

What does a Sankey diagram show?

A Sankey diagram shows the energy transfers. The width of each arrow shows the amount of energy it represents.

4

Which of these is not a way of trying to
reduce energy bills?
A increasing the insulation in your home
B using more efficient appliances
C using appliances with high power ratings
D using solar power to heat water

C using appliances with high power ratings

5

What does emit mean?

To give out.

6

What does thermal insulator mean?

A material that does not allow internal (thermal) energy to be transferred through it easily.

7

Which list of materials shows only
insulating materials?
A wool, feathers, copper
B feathers, wood, carpets
C iron, copper, steel
D plastic, aluminium foil, wood

B feathers, wood, carpets

8

What does absorb mean?

‘To soak up’ or ‘to take in’.

9

What happens to the energy in a cup of iced tea left in a cold kitchen?

It will increase as the iced tea gains energy from the air in the kitchen until they are both at the same temperature.

10

Temperature is measured in,,,,,,

One of
degrees Celsius (°C).
Fahrenheit (F)
Kelvin (K)

11

What is a fossil fuel?

A fuel formed from the dead remains of organisms over millions of years (e.g. coal, oil or natural gas).

12

What units for energy are used on
electricity bills?

kilowatt-hours

13

What does evaporate mean?

When a liquid turns into a gas.

14

The efficiency of an appliance is calculated
by.......

.......comparing the useful energy
transferred to the total energy supplied

15

What happens to the energy in a hot cup of tea left in a cold kitchen?

It leaves the tea until it is a the same temperature as the air in the room

16

How does sweating work?

Sweating cools us down when the sweat evaporates and takes some heat energy with it.

17

What happens to the particles in evaporation?

When some of a liquid evaporates, it is the particles moving the fastest that escape and form a gas.

18

What are the units for measuring power?

Watts (W) or kilowatts (kW)

19

Which word describes the way energy is transferred through solids by heating?

Conduction

20

Which type of surface would reflect
infrared radiation the best?
A white and dull B black and shiny
C white and shiny D grey and dull

C white and shiny

21

What does efficiency mean?

How much energy something wastes.

22

Why does the cold air near an ice lolly move downwards?

It is colder and denser than the air further away from it.

23

The amount of thermal energy in an object depends on what three things?

Its mass, its temperature, the material it is made from.

24

How do you calculate payback time?

Payback
time = cost of change/savings per year

25

What is the unit for measuring energy.

a Joule (J)

26

What does thermal conductor mean?

A material that allows internal (thermal) energy to be transferred through it easily.

27

How can you find the power of an
appliance?

Look for the power rating on the label

28

Why do many insulating materials contain
trapped air?

1) gases are poor conductors and
2) gases cannot transfer energy by convection if they cannot move.

29

Why are solids are better heat conductors than liquids or gases?

The particles are closer together in solids.

30

What is climate change?

Changes that will happen to the weather as a result of global warming/ the rlease of greenhouse gases (e.g carbon dioxide and methane).