Physio 1-6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Physio 1-6 Deck (33):
1

Equation for effective osmolarity

2(Na) + glucose/18

2

Net filtration pressure equation

Pc-pic-Pif+piif

3

What is the tracer for plasma concentration

Albumin

4

What is the tracer of the ECF concentration

Mannitol , inulin , sucrose

5

What does the NERST equation calculate ?

Equilibrium potential of a cell
Ex= +- 61 log concentration out/concentration in

6

Class 1 & 3 drugs are used for ?

Heart muscle

7

Class 2 & 4 drugs are used for ?

heart beats

8

What is the automaticity (HR) of SA node ?

100-110/min

9

What is the automaticity (HR) of AV node?

50-60/min

10

what is the automaticity (HR) of purkinje fiber?

30-35/min

11

Where is atrial depolarization in an EKG?

P wave

12

Where is atrial repolarization in an EKG?

QRS

13

What is the QRS for ventricular muscle ?

Ventricle depolarization

14

What is the T wave for ventricular muscle?

ventricle repolarization

15

What leads look at the anterior heart ?

V1 V2 (LAD)

16

What leads look at the anterior septum of the heart ?

V3 V4 ( LAD, LCX)

17

What leads look at the lateral side of heart ?

V5 V6 (LCX)

18

What leads look at the inferior portion of the heart?

II, III, AvF (RCA)

19

What leads look at posterior heart?

V7- V9 PDA

20

Jervell -Lange Wilson disease

congenital
deafness
long QT

21

Romano Ward disease

no deafness
congenital
long QT

22

What is characteristic of first degree AV block

PR is grader than 0.2 sec

23

What is characteristic of secondary AV block

prolong AV

24

What are the types of secondary AV block?

Mobitz I ( wenckebach)
Mobitz II

25

Mobitz I

AV prolonged
Dropped QRS
elongation of PR

26

Mobitz II

AV prolonged
PR interval is normal
Dropped QRS

27

Third degree block

complete AV block
frequent P waves than QRS - no correlation btwn the two

28

Wolf Parkison White

defect is accessory pathway
Short PR
delta wave

29

Right axis deviation is seen with

Pulmonary HTN
Right sided resistance

30

Left axis deviation is seen with

Hypertension
Aortic Stenosis

31

What is the deviation of the heart

Axis moves toward hypertrophied tissue and away from infarcted tissue

32

Type I muscle fibers are ?

slow red muscle

33

Type II muscle fibers are ?

fast white muscle