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Flashcards in Physio Handout Deck (400)
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1

Powerhouse of the cell.

Mitochondria

2

Organelle for Protein synthesis.

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

3

Organelle for synthesis of lipids; contains oxidades, catalases; for detoxification.

Smooth Endoplastic Reticulum

4

Contains lysozyme, lysoferritin, and acud hydrolase.

Lysosomes

5

Only substance modified in the RER, not in the Golgi.

Collagen

6

Moves substances from center to periphery of the cell; involved in Anterograde axonal transport.

Kinesin

7

Moves substance from the periphery to the cebter of the cell; involved in Retrograde axonal transport.

Dynein

8

Provides structural support component for the cell movement.

F-actin

9

Substances that passes throught the water clefts/pores in the membranes.

Water
Glucose
Amino acids

10

Junctional complex that is disk-shaped for firm intercellular adhesions.

Macula adherens a.k.a. Desmosomes

11

Junctional complex for communication that serve as regulated cytoplasmic bridge for sharing of small molecules between cells.

Gap junctions

12

Ring shaped junctional complex that increases surface area contact, in epithelial cells & endothelial cells; intercalated disks of cardiac muscles.

Zonula Adherens

13

Functional unit of a gap junction.

Connexon

14

Subunit of connexon.

Connexin

15

Connexin disorder involving Cx32.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

16

Main cation in ECF.

Na

17

Main cation in ICF.

K+

18

Hallmark of carrier mediated transport.

✔Stereospecificity
✔Saturation
✔Competetion

19

Passive, Downhill, Non carrier mediated transport.

Simple diffusion

20

Passive, Downhill, Carrier mediated

Facilitated diffusion

21

Active, Uphill, Carrier mediated, uses atp

Primary Active Transport

22

Active, Uphill, Carrier mediated, uses Na gradient

Secondary Active Transport

23

Gases, Alcohol, Steroid hormones transport.

Simple diffusion

24

Transport process of GLUT-1,2,3,4,5

Facilitated diffusion

25

Transport process of SGLT-1, SGLT-2, Na-K-2Cl

Secondary Active Transport

26

Transport Na-K-ATPase Pump, Proton Pump

Primary Active Transport

27

Exhibited only by excitable cells (neurons, muscle cells).

Action potential

28

Cells that produces CSF

Ependymal cells

29

Macrophage of the brain

Microglia

30

Regulates ECF ions and NTs; gives mechanical support; forms BBB

Astrocytes