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Flashcards in Pictures Deck (82):
1

What does this radiograph show?

Megaoesophagus (can be seen as large distension dorsal of trachea) 

2

What does this radiograph show?

Oesophageal blockage just caudal to the heart base (common position)

3

What pathology does this show?

Insulinoma 

4

What pathology can be seen?

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma 

5

What does this radiograph show?

Normal oesophagram 

6

What does this scintigraphy show?

Metastatic prostatic carcinoma 

7

What does this scintigraphy show?

Normal uptake due to growth plates etc. 

8

What does this MRI show?

Spinal mass 

9

What can be seen on this ultrasound?

Normal kidney 

10

WHat can be seen in this ultrasound?

Liver (left) and spleen (right; hyperechoic) 

11

What is this?

Splenic mass 

12

Normal xray

13

Why is the right of the image so radiopaque? 

The animal is thicker here - 

14

What is the major presenting clinical sign in this cow?

Rumen bloating - left side severely distended 

15

What procedure is carried out via this incision? What landmarks are used to locate the correct place?

Rumen puncture. Landmarks: Transverse processes of the spine, last rib, tuber coxae on the wing of the ileum 

16

Which organs can be found superficially on the right of the cow?

17

Which organs can be found deep on the right side of the cow?

18

Which tooth is this? How can you decide?

Maxillary cheek tooth. 

- 2 infundibuli

- 5 pulps 

19

Which tooth is this? How can you tell?

20

What type of gag is this?

hausmans 

21

Is there anything wrong with this horse's mouth?

Malerrupted tooth upper left 

22

What pathology can be seen here? 

Wave mouth 

23

What does this image show? 

Points on buccal edge of maxillary arcade 

24

What does this image show? 

Buccal ulceration due to maxillary teeth

25

Outline the uses of these rasps

1. Straight head, long length - lower cheek teeth, 3rd-6th upper cheek teeth

2. Obtuse angled head, long length - caudal upper cheek teeth, curve of Spee 

3. Angled offset head, medium length - upper 1st-4th cheek teeth 

4. S float - smooth off first cheek teeth and 6th maxillary cheek teeth, bit seat, angle of curve of Spee 

26

What do these images show?

Retained caps (deciduous teeth) 

27

Where are the needles probing?

The pulp cavities 

28

What does this image show? 

Acquired dental displacement 

29

What does this image show? 

2-3 yo mandibular bumps (normal)

30

What does this image show? 

Mandibular apical tooth root infection

31

What does this image show? 

Maxillary apical tooth root infection of 06 or 07 (does NOT discharge into sinus) 

32

What does this image show? 

Apical tooth root infection 

33

What does this image show? 

Apical tooth root infection (L side of picture) - gas in bulging root, and soft tissue/fluid in sinus. 

34

What tool is shown?

Molar grabbers 

35

What tool is shown?

Spacers 

36

What procedure is being carried out?

Minimally invasive tooth removal by lateral buccomotomy

37

What tooth can be seen?

Wolf tooth (05, 1st premolar)

38

What problem has been fixed here? What material has been used?

Jaw Fx, cerclage wire 

39

What does this image show? 

Megaoesophagus (air filled)

40

What does this image show? 

FB blockage just caudal to heart base (common site of obstruction as oesophagus narrows here) 

41

What does this image show? 

Gastric ulcer (deep, almost to serosa) 

42

What is this instrument?

Balfour retractors 

43

What is this instrument?

Gossett retractors 

44

What does this image show? 

Omentalisation following enterotomy repair 

45

What does this image show? 

Enteroplication 

46

What does this image show? 

Bacteria contained in neutrophils (indicates septic peritonitis if found in abdomenocentsis) 

47

What is the likely cause of this diarrhoea?

Large Intestinal Pathology 

48

What is the likely cause of this diarrhoea?

Small Intestinal Pathology 

49

What is the likely cause of this diarrhoea?

Small intestinal (meleana) 

50

What is the likely cause of this diarrhoea?

Small intestinal pathology (^ volume)

51

What does this image show?

Normal rabbit abdomen - food everywhere!

52

What does this image show?

Distended bladder, distended stomach, small amount of gas in SI 

53

What does this image show?

Stomach massively distended, stomach contents dehydrated away from stomach wall (black line inbetween stomach and contents) - surgery indicated 

54

What does this image show?

General distended and bloated guts. 

- Surgery not indicated, gut stimulants and pain relief

55

What does this image show?

Strangulation of gut 

56

What does this image show?

Ulcers

57

What does this image show?

Self trauma caused by excessive rolling due to colic 

58

What does this image show?

Positions for auscultation of gut sounds 

59

What does this image show?

Septic mucous membranes - think GIT rupture if associated with colic 

60

What does this image show?

Large intestinal pelvic flexure (?)

61

What does this image show?

Left: left ventral colon 

Right: Left dorsal colon 

Pelvic flexure 

62

What does this image show?

Distended SI loops (equine)

63

What does this image show?

Cross sectional ultrasound of distended SI loops (equine) 

64

What does this image show?

Longitudinal ultraound of distended SI loops (equine)

65

What does this image show?

Ventral mindline laparotomy 

66

What does this image show?

Pelvic split 

67

What does this image show?

Transanal surgical approach to rectal surgery 

68

What does this image show?

Method of stapling for a colorectal resection and anastamosis 

69

What does this image show?

Megacolon

70

What does this image show?

Rectal mass demarcated by gas on either side 

71

What does this image show?

Mass in colon on ultrasound

72

What does this image show?

Colon and rectum following barium enema - mass -> filling defect, irregular mucosa on opposite side suggests metastasis or inflammation 

73

What does this image show?

Liver tumours (bullseye)

74

What does this image show?

Enlarged sublumbar LNs

75

What does this image show?

Rectal poylps being treated transanally 

76

What does this image show? Does the tissue look viable?

Rectal prolapse. Tissue looks viable 

77

What does this image show? Does the tissue look viable?

Rectal prolapse - tissue looks necrotic and should be resected

78

What does this image show?

Colon sutured to transversus abdomenalis to treat repeat rectal prolapse 

79

What does this image show?

Open anal sacculectomy 

80

What does this image show?

Closed anal sacculectomy 

81

What does this image show?

Anal sac apocrine gland adenocarcinoma (50% + metastasis at time of diagnosis)

82

What does this image show?

Anal furunculosis