Piliavin Subway Samaritans Flashcards Preview

Psychology (Social Approaches case studies) > Piliavin Subway Samaritans > Flashcards

Flashcards in Piliavin Subway Samaritans Deck (17)
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1
Q

The name of the psychologists and real life case that triggered the Piliavin study was?

A

Latane and Darley and the Kitty Genovese murder

2
Q

How many witnesses were there to the case in Kitty Genovese?

A

38

3
Q

‘Bystander Apathy’ and ‘Bystander Effect’ refers to the actions of bystanders that do not help others in an emergency. True or False?

A

True

4
Q

Piliavin et Al believed that people did not help in the real life murder of Kitty Genovese due to …?

A

Diffusion of responsibility

5
Q

What type of experiment was this?

A

A Field Experiment

6
Q

What was the DV?

A

The level of Bystander helping

7
Q

What was the IV?

A

The type of race of the victim, behaviour of model and the size of the group of bystanders.

8
Q

What was the mean number of passengers per carriage?

A

43

9
Q

Why was there an uneven number of ‘drunk’ and ‘cane’ victims?

A

The male students who were confederates did not like playing the drunk victim

10
Q

How old were the models?

A

24-29 years old

11
Q

The victim collapsed when?

A

70 seconds after the train left the station

12
Q

Piliavin found that people are more likely to help when they had watched a model help quite quickly after the victim collapsed. True or False

A

True

13
Q

What percentage of male helpers were there?

A

90%

14
Q

Piliavin found his hypothesis to be correct that it is diffusion of responsibility that prevents helping behaviour. True or False?

A

FALSE!!!!!!

15
Q

Latane and Darley have said there are five septs to helping behaviour. What are steps 1 and 3?

A

We must notice the event and we must assume personal responsibility

16
Q

Low Empathy + High cost = ?

A

No Help

17
Q

The 2 observers noted, the time taken to help, the number of helpers, the race, gender and location of the participants as well as what they said. This ensured:

A

Inter-rater reliability