Piper Archer Training Supplement Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Piper Archer Training Supplement Deck (39):
1

V_a

Maneuvering speed
113 KIAS at 2,550 lbs
89 KIAS at 1,634 lbs

2

Lycoming

4-cylinder, O-360 (opposed, 360 cubic inch); rated at 180 horsepower at 2,700 RPM

3

Carburetor Heat Function

Provides heat to replace heat lost by evaporation

4

Brakes

Equipped with hydraulically actuated disc brakes on the main landing gear wheels. Both toe brakes and the parking brake have separate braking cylinders, but share a hydraulic reservoir.

5

Procedure for switching fuel tanks in cruise flight

1. Electric fuel pump on
2. Fuel selector from “L” to “R” or from “R” to “L”
3. Check fuel pressure
4. Electric fuel pump off
5. Check fuel pressure

6

PFD

Shows primary flight information in place of traditional pitot-static and gyroscopic instruments, and also provides an HSI for navigation

7

V_g

76 KIAS
Best glide speed at max weight

8

Flaps

Manual flap system with settings of 0°, 10°, 25°, and 40°
Slotted flaps serve to re-energize the air
ATP operations require 25° for all landings except:
-short and soft field: 40°
-precision approach: 10°

9

Electric System

28-volt DC electrical system and a 24-volt lead-acid battery. Electrical power is supplied by a 70-amp, engine-driven alternator

10

Fuel System

-uses 100 low lead avgas (blue)
-two 25 gallon (24 usable) tanks
-one engine-driven and one electric fuel pump

11

V_r

60 KIAS
Rotation speed (start rotation)

12

V_ne

154 KIAS
Never exceed speed
Red line

13

Shimmy Dampener

damps nose wheel vibrations during ground operations and centers the nose wheel in the air

14

Magnetometer

Senses the earth’s magnetic field and sends data to the AHRS for processing to determine magnetic heading

15

Electronic flight deck

Garmin G500

16

Landing Gear

Fixed, tricycle type gear, with oleo (air/oil) struts providing shock absorption for all three wheels

17

Horizontally Opposed

Pistons oppose each other

18

G500 Components

-primary flight display (PFD, left) and multi-function display (MFD, right)
-attitude heading reference system (AHRS)
-air data computer (ADC)
-magnetometer
-temperature probe
-dual garmin GNS 430 GPS

19

Direct Drive

Crankshaft directly connected to propellor

20

V_y

76 KIAS
Best rate of climb

21

Air Data Computer (ADC)

Compiles information from the pitot-static system and an outside air temperature sensor to provide pressure altitude, airspeed, vertical speed, and outside air temperature on the PFD

22

Temperature probe

Provides outside air temperature (OAT) data to the ADC

23

V_x

64 KIAS
Best angle of climb

24

AHRS

Attitude heading reference system:
Contains tilt sensors, accelerometers, and rate sensors to provide attitude and heading information on the PFD

25

Signs of Carburetor Ice

Engine roughness and a drop in RPM. Carburetor heat should be selected on full if carburetor ice is encountered, adjust mixture for maximum smoothness

26

V_so

45 KIAS
Stall speed in landing configuration
Bottom of white line

27

V_fe

102 KIAS
Maximum flap extension speed
Top of white line

28

V_no

125 KIAS
Max structural cruising speed
Top of green line

29

Oil Range

Acceptable range: 6-8 quarts
ATP min: 6.5 quarts
Any time a full quart can be added, it should be. Never add less than 1 quart

30

LHAND

-Lycoming
-Horizontally Opposed
-Air Cooled
-Normally Aspirated
-Direct Drive

31

Over-priming Risks

Washes lubrication from cylinder walls and increases fire risk

32

V_s

50 KIAS
Stall speed with zero flaps
Bottom of green line

33

Electric Fuel Pump Usage

-all takeoffs, landings, and when switching tanks
-ATP uses for all in-flight maneuvers, except for steep turns

34

Nose wheel turning

Linked to the rudder by a steering mechanism which turns the nose wheel up to 20° each side of center

35

Normally Aspirated

Exhaust not reused; no turbo or supercharging

36

Dual Garmin GNS 430 GPSs

Provide input to the AHRS and PFD/MFD

37

Propellor

Sensenich two-bladed, fixed pitch, metal propeller. Diameter is 76 in. Maximum RPM (red line): 2700 RPM

38

Carburetor Icing Cause

High air velocity through the carburetor venturi and the absorption of heat from this air by vaporization of the fuel

39

Carburetor Icing Conditions

Temperatures of 20°F-70°F (-5° to 20° C) under certain atmospheric conditions