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Flashcards in Private Study Guide Deck (60):
1

NOTAMs

Notices to airmen
Time critical aeronautical information, which s either temporary or not known in advance to be printed on charts and publications

2

FDC NOTAMs

Flight Data Center (TFR’s, amendments to charts and publications)

3

Military intercept squawk code

7777

4

Ground Speed (GS)

Actual speed over the ground. TAS corrected for wind conditions

5

Surface Analysis

i. Issued every 3 hours
ii. Display isobars (connecting lines of equal pressure), fronts and pressure (may include radar data)

6

Lost procedures

5 C’s: climb, communicate, confess, comply, conserve
Climb for better view, com signal, and nav reception
Communicate w/ FSS, ATC, CTAF, etc.
VOR crosscheck
Look for landmarks, terrain, lakes, etc.

7

Hypoxic Hypoxia

Insufficient oxygen available to the lungs
e.g. high alt. w/o supplemental O2

8

Induced drag

Drag that forms as the result of the production of lift- as lift increases, induced drag increases

9

In flight emergency procedures

(ABCDE)
Airspeed: pitch for best glide (V_g)
Best place to land: pick landing site
Checklist: restart, fire, etc.
Declare emergency: squawk 7700, then contact 121.5 if time permitting
Execute emergency: throttle CLOSE, mixture CUTOFF, mags OFF, master OFF, alternator OFF, fuel OFF, safety belts ON, doors OPEN, touchdown lowest possible airspeed

10

SAA NOTAMs

Special Activity Airspace (issued when special activity airspace will be active outside published schedule times)

11

Military NOTAMs

NOTAMs pertaining to the U.S. Armed Forces (airports and navigational aids that are part of the National Airspace System)

12

Hijacking squawk code

7500

13

Histotoxic Hypoxia

Inability of cells to effectively use oxygen
e.g. cyanide poisoning

14

WX Depiction

i. Generated every 3 hours
ii. Depict areas of VFR, MVFR, IFR, fronts and pressure systems, condensed Wx station data and symbols to indicate winds, wind direction, temperature, dew point, cloud cover, ceilings, and precipitation types

15

Emergency squawk code

7700

16

Types of NOTAMs

Distant
FDC
Pointer
SAA
Military

17

ASOS

Automated Surface Observing System
i. Hourly reports
ii. Continuous broadcast of Wx information
iii. Reports include: station identifier, date/time, wind (direction and speed), visibility, sky condition, temp./dew point, and altimeter setting

18

Emergency frequency

121.5

19

Mach Number

The ratio of TAS to the local speed of sound

20

True altitude

Actual altitude above mean sea level (MSL)

21

Density Altitude

Pressure altitude corrected for nonstandard temperature

22

PIREPs

Pilot Reports
i. Report of actual Wx conditions encountered by an aircraft in flight
ii. Reports include location, time, altitude, sky cover, visibility, observed Wx, cloud layers, temp., wind, possible turbulence, and potential icing

23

Absolute altitude

Height above ground level (AGL)

24

Pointer NOTAMs

Highlight or point out other related NOTAMs (reference to other NOTAMs using key words)

25

Indicated airspeed (IAS)

indicated on the airspeed indicator, V speeds, we fly off of IAS (KIAS)

26

Current Wx Information

METAR
ATIS/ASOS/AWOS
PIREPs
Surface Analysis
Radar Summary
Wx Depiction

27

Hypoxia treatment

Flying to lower altitudes, emergency descent, use supplemental oxygen
Time of useful consciousness drops below a minute above 35,000’ MSL

28

Distant NOTAMs

Airport and navigation facilities (runway or taxiway closures, personnel or equipment near or crossing runways, airport lighting, etc.)

29

Forecasted Wx Information

GFA
TAF
Winds & Temps aloft
Prog. Charts
Convective Outlook
AIRMET/SIGMET

30

Pressure altitude

Height above standard datum plane- altitude corrected for non-standard pressure

31

Hypemic Hypoxia

Blood is not able to take up and transport sufficient oxygen to the cells in the body
E.g. carbon monoxide poisoning

32

AWOS

Automated Weather Observing System
i. Hourly reports
ii. Continuous broadcast of Wx information
iii. Reports include: station identifier, date/time, wind (direction and speed), visibility, sky condition, temp/dew point, and altimeter setting

33

Pilotage

Navigation by reference to landmarks or checkpoints

34

Hypoxia

Insufficient oxygen to the brain

35

ATIS

Automatic Terminal Information Service
i. updated in hourly intervals and identified by alpha numeric identifiers
ii. continuous broadcast of recorded Wx information including active runways, approaches, NOTAMs, and other important airport information
iii. reports include: station identifier, date/time, wind (direction and speed), visibility, sky condition, temp./dew point, and altimeter setting

36

Lost coms squawk code

7600

37

Hypoxia symptoms

Euphoria/carefree, loss of coordination, narrowed vision, headache, decreased reaction time, impaired judgement, drowsiness, lightheadedness, dizziness, numbness, cyanosis, and a false sense of security

38

Indicated altitude

Altitude indicated on the dial when set to local pressure

39

True Airspeed (TAS)

Actual speed through the air. CAS corrected for nonstandard temperature and pressure

40

METAR

Meteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report
i. hourly reports
ii. Reports include: station identifier, date/time, wind (direction and speed), visibility, sky condition, temp./dew point, and altimeter setting
iii. May also include type of precipitation, time precipitation began, peak wind, or sea level pressure

41

Parasitic drag

Drag that is caused by an aircraft surface which deflects/interferes with the smooth airflow of the airplane (skin friction, form, and interference drag). Parasitic drag increases with airspeed

42

Dead reckoning

Navigation solely by computations based on time, airspeed, distance, and direction

43

Radar Summary

i. issued every hour
ii. Displays echo type, intensity, trend, location, coverage, and movement

44

Calibrated Airspeed (CAS)

IAS corrected for instrument and position errors

45

Stagnant Hypoxia

Blood flow is restricted and oxygen rich blood isn’t moving to tissues that need it
e.g. blood pooling when sitting too long

46

Special flight permit

Can be issued if an aircraft is not airworthy due to inoperative equipment so the aircraft may be flown to a maintenance base or to get the plane out of a hazardous position

Contact the local Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) to receive one, may only be issued by a Designated Airworthiness Representative (DAR) and only if plane is capable of safe flight.

47

minimum equipment list

List of equipment that can be inoperative and the aircraft still be airworthy

Check aircraft TCDS (Type certificate data sheet)

48

VFR ceiling and visability

+3000 (AGL), +5 SM

49

MVFR ceiling and visability

1000-3000 (AGL), 3-5 SM

50

IFR ceiling and visability

500-1000 (AGL), 1-3 SM

51

LIFR ceiling and visability

-500 (MSL), -1SM

52

Special VFR

Used in special cases when a pilot needs to takeoff or land and weather is below VFR minimums. Minimums for SVFR are 1SM and clear of clouds. Must be IFR rated to request special VFR between sunset and sunrise

53

Special Use Airspace

M- MOA (military operations area)
C- CFA (controlled firing area)
P- prohibited
R- restricted
A- alert
W- warning
N- NSA (national security area)

54

MOA

Military operations area: defined vertical and lateral limits established for the purpose of separating certain military training operations from IFR traffic. Pilots flying under VFR should exercise extreme caution when flying through

color on sectional: red
fly through: yes

55

CFA

Controlled firing area: contain activities which could be hazardous to non participation aircrafts

color on sectional: not depicted
fly through: yes

56

Prohibited Airspace

Areas contain airspace of defined dimensions within which the flight of aircraft is prohibited; established for security or reasons of National well being

color on sectional: blue
Fly through: NO

57

Restricted airspace

Airspace identified by an area which the flight of aircraft isn’t completely prohibited, but still subject to restrictions. Need clearance from controlling facility to fly in/through if active

color on sectional: blue
fly through: yes, with clearance

58

Alert airspace

Depicted on aeronautical chart to inform nonparticipating pilots of areas that may contain a high volume of pilot training or any unusual type of aerial activity; pilots should be particularly alert in these areas

color on sectional: red
Fly through: yes

59

Warning airspace

Airspace extending 3 NM outward from the coast of the US that contains activity hazardous to nonparticipating aircraft, purpose of airspace is to warn pilots of potential danger

Color on sectional: blue
Fly through: yes

60

NSA airspace

National security area: defined airspace where there is a requirement for increased security and safety for ground facilities

Color on sectional: red
Fly through: yes